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Dahshur (Arabic: دهشور Dahšūr, in English often called Dashur), is a royal necropolis located in the desert on the west bank of the Nile approximately 40 kilometres south of Cairo. It is known chiefly for several pyramids, two of which are among the oldest, largest and best preserved in Egypt.


The Bent Pyramid and the Red Pyramid were constructed during the reign of Pharaoh Snofru (2613-2589 BCE), father of Khufu of the Old Kingdom. The unusual shape of the Bent Pyramid is unique, and represents a transitional pyramid form believed to have been the result of an engineering crisis encountered during its construction. The Red Pyramid is the world's first true smooth-sided pyramid.

The pyramid of the 12th Dynasty king Amenemhat II (1929-1895 BCE) is now badly damaged. Next to it were found several undisturbed tombs of royal women still containing a large amount of jewellery. The pyramid of Sesostris III was part of a huge complex with several smaller pyramids of royal women along with another pyramid to the south. In a gallery tomb next to this pyramid were found two treasures of the king's daughters. The Black Pyramid dates from the later reign of Amenemhat III and although badly eroded it remains the most imposing monument at the site after the two Sneferu pyramids. The polished granite pyramidion or capstone of the Black Pyramid is on display in the main hall of the Egyptian Museum in Cairo. Next to the pyramid was found the partly disturbed tomb of 13th Dynasty king Hor and the undisturbed burial place of Nubhetepti-khered, possibly his daughter.

There are several other pyramids of the 13th Dynasty at Dahshur. Only the one of Ameny Qemau has been excavated so far..

Extensive cemeteries of officials of the Old Kingdom and Middle Kingdom have been found around Dahshur's pyramids. Dahshur was Egypt's royal necropolis during the reign of the 12th Dynasty king Amenemhat II.

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Coordinates: 29°48′N 31°14′E / 29.80°N 31.24°E / 29.80; 31.24

This page uses content from the English Wikipedia. The original article was at Dahshur. The list of authors can be seen in the page history.

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