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Crisanto Luque Sánchez

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Crisanto Luque Sánchez
CardinalCoA PioM
Reference style His Eminence
Spoken style Your Eminence
Informal style Cardinal
See Bogotá

Crisanto Luque Sánchez (February 1, 1889—May 7, 1959) was a Colombian Cardinal of the Roman Catholic Church. He served as Archbishop of Bogotá from 1950 to 1959, and was elevated to the cardinalate in 1953 by Pope Pius XII.


Crisanto Luque Sánchez was born in Tenjo to Heliodoro Luque and Natalia Sáchez. After studying in Tabio, he attended the seminary in Bogotá, alongside his future successor as Archbishop of the same, Luis Concha Córdoba. Luque was ordained to the priesthood by Archbishop Bernardo Herrera Restrepo on October 28, 1916, and then did pastoral work in Bogotá until 1931. During that period, he served as a hospital chaplain, vicar, and pastor.

On January 16, 1931, Luque was appointed Auxiliary Bishop of Tunja and Titular Bishop of Croae. He received his episcopal consecration on the following May 3 from Archbishop Paolo Giobbe, with Bishops José Ignacio López Umana and Luis Adriano Díaz serving as co-consecrators, in the Cathedral of Bogotá. Luque served as Vicar General and Apostolic Administrator before becoming Bishop of Tunja on September 9, 1932. He was later named Archbishop of Bogotá and thus Primate of the Church in Colombia on July 14, 1950. On that same date, he was also made the first Apostolic Vicar of the Colombian Military Ordinariate.

Pope Pius XII created him Cardinal Priest of Santi Cosma e Damiano in the consistory of January 12, 1953. Luque, the first Colombian cardinal, was papal legate to the third National Marian Congress in 1954, and attended the first general conference of the Latin American Episcopal Conference in 1955. In 1951, he formally asked the Ministry of Education to remove José Rodriguez's paintings, which contained nude subjects, from the National Museum[1]. Luque also played a prominent role in the civil and political crisis that affected his country from 1949 to 1958, and participated in the 1958 papal conclave that selected Pope John XXIII.

An opponent of President Gustavo Rojas Pinilla, the Colombian primate condemned Rojas' "Third Force" political movement[2], and denounced an oath of loyalty he demanded from his political party in June 1957 as "illicit" and his party "dangerous"[3]. To the military junta that replaced Rojas, he also threatened to withdraw the Church's support if it did not turn over power in free elections[2]. Luque warned his flock of incurring excommunication for sending their children to Protestant-run high schools, which were considered to be of high quality[4].

The Cardinal died from a pulmonary hemorrhage[5] in Bogotá, at age 70. He is buried in the metropolitan cathedral of that same city.


  1. TIME Magazine. Beauty & the Beatas October 22, 1951
  2. 2.0 2.1 TIME Magazine. Church v. Dictatorships July 1, 1957
  3. TIME Magazine. Hell-Bent for Election May 6, 1957
  4. TIME Magazine. Church v. Schools December 26, 1955
  5. TIME Magazine. Milestones May 18, 1959

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Preceded by
Eduardo Maldonado Calvo
Bishop of Tunja
Succeeded by
Angel Ocampo Berrio, SJ
Preceded by
Ismael Perdomo Borrero
Archbishop of Bogotá
Succeeded by
Luis Concha Córdoba
Preceded by
Apostolic Vicar of the Catholic Military Ordinariate of Colombia
Succeeded by
Luis Concha Córdoba
no:Crisanto Luque Sánchez

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