Fandom

Religion Wiki

Chryseis

34,278pages on
this wiki
Add New Page
Talk0 Share

Ad blocker interference detected!


Wikia is a free-to-use site that makes money from advertising. We have a modified experience for viewers using ad blockers

Wikia is not accessible if you’ve made further modifications. Remove the custom ad blocker rule(s) and the page will load as expected.

Claude Lorrain 024

Odysseus returns Chryseis to her father (by Claude Lorrain, 1644).

In Greek mythology, Chryseis (pronounced: /kraɪˈsiːɪs/, Ancient Greek: Χρυσηΐς, Khrysēís, pronounced: /kʰrysɛːís/) was a Trojan woman, the daughter of Chryses. Chryseis, her apparent name in the Iliad, means simply "Chryses' daughter"; later writers give her real name as Astynome (Ἀστυνόμη).[1]

In the first book of the Iliad, Agamemnon enslaves her, whom he admits is finer than his own wife, as a war prize and refuses to allow her father, a priest of Apollo, to ransom her. An oracle of Apollo then sends a plague sweeping through the Greek armies, and Agamemnon is forced to give Chryseis back in order to end it, so Agamemnon sends Odysseus to return Chryseis to her father. Agamemnon compensates himself for this loss by taking Briseis from Achilles, an act that offends Achilles, who refuses to take further part in the Trojan War. A later Greek legend, preserved in Hyginus' Fabulae, states that she had a son by Agamemnon. In medieval literature, Chryseis is developed into the character Cressida.

References

  1. Scholia on the Iliad, 1.392; Hesychius of Alexandria, Lexicon; Malalas, Chronographia 100; Eustathius of Thessalonica, Commentary on the Iliad 1.123.9 van der Valk.
Smallwikipedialogo
This page uses content from the English Wikipedia. The original article was at Chryseis. The list of authors can be seen in the page history.

Also on Fandom

Random Wiki