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The Chiesa Ortodossa in Italia ("Orthodox Church in Italy") is an effort to establish a national Orthodox church in Italy. It was originally a part of the Holy Synod in Resistance, but then joined Patriarch Pimen's Alternative Synod of the Bulgarian Orthodox Church and adopted the Revised Julian Calendar. It is currently out of communion with the mainstream Orthodox Church.
It is not to be confused with the Greek Orthodox Archdiocese of Italy, the primary presence of mainstream Orthodoxy in Italy.
In 1993, the church joined Patriarch Pimen's Alternative Synod of the Bulgarian Orthodox Church, and in 1995 Bp. Antonio was enthroned as Bishop of Ravenna and Italy. After 1997, Bp. Antonio was elevated to Metropolitan of Ravenna and Italy. During that year, the group was recognized by the Alternative Synod as an autonomous church, and Metr. Antonio became a full member of Pimen's Holy Synod. The Chiesa Ortodossa in Italia is in full communion with the Bulgarian Alternative Synod, the Church of Ukraine (Kiev Patriarchate), and some other small churches.
After Metropolitan Antonio's death, on 16 March 2009 his vicar Basilio (Grillo Miceli) became the new Archbishop of Ravenna and L'Aquila and Metropolitan of Italy.