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Cardinals created by Lucius III

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Pope Lucius III created fifteen new cardinals[1].

Conistories

21 May 1182[2]

17 December 1182[5]

  • Bobo[6] – cardinal-deacon of S. Angelo, then (12 March 1188) cardinal-priest of S. Anastasia, finally (May 1189) cardinal-bishop of Porto e S. Rufina, † 1189
  • Ottaviano di Paoli[7] – cardinal-deacon of SS. Sergio e Bacco, then (Mai 1189) cardinal-bishop of Ostia e Velletri, † 5 April 1206
  • Gerardo[8] – cardinal-deacon of S. Adriano, † 1208
  • Soffredo[9] – cardinal-deacon of S. Maria in Via Lata, then (20 February 1193) cardinal-priest of S. Prassede, † 14 December 1210
  • Albino[10], Can.Reg. – cardinal-deacon of S. Maria Nuova, then (15 March 1185) cardinal-priest of S. Croce in Gerusalemme, finally (Mai 1189) cardinal-bishop of Albano, † 1196
  • Pandolfo[11] – cardinal-priest of SS. XII Apostoli, † ca.1210
  • Uberto Crivelli[12] – cardinal-priest of S. Lorenzo in Damaso, from 9 January 1185 also archbishop of Milan, became Pope Urban III (25 November 1185) † 20 October 1187

1184

  • Thibaud [13], O.S.B.Cluny, abbot of Cluny – cardinal-bishop of Ostia e Velletri, † 4 November 1188

15 March 1185[14]

Presumed cardinals

In older literature[20] are mentioned also the following other cardinals ostensibly created by Lucius III, who, according to modern research should be eliminated from that list because there is no documentary proof of their promotion or they are confused with another cardinals:[21]

Name Alleged cardinalate Notes
Uberto Allucingoli, nephew of His Holiness Cardinal-priest of S. Lorenzo in Damaso in 1182–ca.1185 He is confused with Uberto Crivelli, future pope Urban III, who occupied the title of S. Lorenzo in Damaso between 1182 and 1185[22]
Raniero il Piccolo Cardinal-priest in 1182, he was present at absolution of king William of Scotland[23] He is the same as Raniero da Pavia, created cardinal-deacon of S. Giorgio by Alexander III and promoted to cardinal-priest of SS. Giovanni e Paolo by Lucius III[24]
Simeone Paltinieri Cardinal-priest from 1182 or 1185 until 1200 No such cardinal is attested in the contemporary sources.[25] The cardinal with this name was actually created by Urban IV in 1261 and died in 1277[26]
Giovanni Cardinal-priest of S. Marco created in 1185, died under Urban III or Clement III He is the same as cardinal Giovanni da Anagni, created by Adrian IV in 1158/59, who occupied the title of S. Marco from ca.1165 until 1190[27]

Notes

  1. Kartusch, p. 28; Maleczek, p. 248
  2. Date according to Brixius, p. 63 no. 13. Pedro de Cardona appears for the first time as cardinal on 3 June 1182, Hugo on 14 July 1182: Regesta Imperii – Liste der Kardinalsunterschriften unter Lucius III. p. 585 (p. 21 in PDF-file).
  3. See about him Ramón Riu y Cabanas: Primeros cardenales de la sede primada, Boletín de la Real Academia de la Historia, (Madrid), XXVII (1896), p. 137-141; cfr. Kartusch, S. 346-347 Nr 87, where, however, his identity is not known.
  4. See about him Hugh Etheriano: Contra Patarenos, ed. Janet Hamilton, Sarah Hamilton, Bernard Hamilton, BRILL 2004, p. 109-142; cfr. Kartusch, p. 204 no. 44a, where, however, his identity is not known.
  5. Date according to Brixius, p. 64 no. 19, p. 66 no. 28. All these cardinals subscribed papal bulls for the first time on 23 December 1182, 2 January or 8 January 1183: Regesta Imperii – Liste der Kardinalsunterschriften unter Lucius III. p. 585 (p. 21 in PDF-file)
  6. Kartusch, p. 106-108 no. 18
  7. Maleczek, p. 80-83 no. 8; Kartusch, p. 293-300 no. 72.
  8. Kartusch, p. 138-142 no. 25; Maleczek, p. 78-79 no. 6.
  9. Kartusch, p. 393-399 no. 101; Maleczek, p. 73-76 no. 4.
  10. Kartusch, p. 79-82 no. 5; Maleczek, p. 76-77 no. 5.
  11. Kartusch, p. 307-310 no. 75; Maleczek, p. 79-80 no. 7.
  12. Kartusch, p. 196-199 no. 41; Ganzer, p. 134-136 no. 56.
  13. Kartusch, p. 411-413 no. 105
  14. Date according to Brixius, p. 10-11
  15. Kartusch, p. 280-284 no. 66; Maleczek, p. 83-85 no 9; cfr. Ganzer, p. 148-149 no. 63
  16. Ganzer, p. 137-140 no. 59; Kartusch, p. 63-67 no. 1; Maleczek, p. 68 no. 4
  17. Kartusch, p. 382-384 no. 97; Ganzer, p. 137 no. 58.
  18. Kartusch, p. 347-355 no. 89; Maleczek, p. 85-86 no. 10; Ganzer, p. 136-137 no. 57
  19. Kartusch, p. 357-360 no. 91
  20. e.g. Lorenzo Cardella: Memorie storiche de' cardinali della Santa Romana Chiesa, Rome 1792, vol. I, pt. 2; full list, including authentic and dubious cardinals, on The Cardinals of the Holy Roman Church by Salvdor Miranda.
  21. Kartusch, p. 428-438.
  22. Kartusch, p. 198 note 4.
  23. Cardella, p. 155
  24. Kartusch, p. 375 note 1 and 8; cfr. Brixius, p. 66 no. 27
  25. Kartusch, p. 436 no. XXIV.
  26. Konrad Eubel: Hierarchia Catholica Medii Aevi, vol. I, Münster 1913, p. 8 no. 3.
  27. Kartusch, p. 432 no. XXI; cfr. Brixius, p. 58 no. 8; Maleczek, p. 70-71 no. 2

Sources

  • The Cardinals of the Holy Roman Church
  • Elfriede Kartusch: Das Kardinalskollegium in der Zeit von 1181-1227. Wien 1948
  • Werner Maleczek: Papst und Kardinalskolleg von 1191 bis 1216: die Kardinäle unter Coelestin III. und Innocenz III. Wien: Verlag der Österreichischen Akademie der Wissenschaften, 1984
  • Klaus Ganzer, Die Entwicklung des auswärtigen Kardinalats im hohen Mittelalter, Max Niemeyer Verlag Tübingen 1963
  • Johannes M. Brixius: Die Mitglieder des Kardinalkollegiums von 1130-1181. Berlin 1912
  • Regesta Imperii – Liste der Kardinalsunterschriften unter Lucius III.
  • Lorenzo Cardella: Memorie storiche de' cardinali della Santa Romana Chiesa, Rome 1792, vol. I, pt. 2

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