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Cardinals created by Lucius II

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Pope Lucius II (1144–1145) created eleven cardinals in two consistories.[1]

Consistories

19 May 1144

  • Ubaldo Caccianemici, Can.Reg. — cardinal-priest of S. Croce in Gerusalemme, † 1170
  • Giulio — cardinal-priest of S. Marcello, then (19 December 1158) cardinal-bishop of Palestrina, † October 1164
  • Berardo — cardinal-deacon of the Holy Roman Church, † after 1146

22 December 1144

  • Guarino, Can.Reg. — cardinal-bishop of Palestrina, † 6 February 1158
  • Robert Pullen — cardinal-priest of SS. Martino e Silvestro, † September 1146
  • Guido Puella, Can.Reg. — cardinal-priest of S. Pudenziana, † 1157
  • Villano Gaetani — cardinal-priest of S. Stefano in Monte Celio; later (Mai 1146) archbishop of Pisa, † 1175
  • Giacinto Bobone — cardinal-deacon of S. Maria in Cosmedin, later (21 March 1191) Pope Celestine III, † 8 January 1198
  • Jordan, O.Carth. — cardinal-deacon of the Holy Roman Church, then (21 December 1145) cardinal-priest of S. Susanna, † 1154
  • Cenzio — cardinal-deacon of the Holy Roman Church, then (1145) cardinal-deacon of SS. Sergio e Bacco † after 1146
  • Bernardo, Can.Reg. — cardinal-deacon of the Holy Roman Church, then cardinal-priest of S. Clemente (21 December 1145) and cardinal-bishop of Porto e S. Rufina (19 December 1158), † 18 August 1176

Additional notes

According to Lorenzo Cardella[2] Lucius II promoted also Nikolaus of Germany to the rank of cardinal-deacon or cardinal-priest of S. Lorenzo in Damaso, but no such cardinal appears among signatories of the papal bulls.[3] Cardella mentions also cardinal-deacon Guy of S. Maria in Portico[4] but he was created only by Eugene III and is identical with future Antipope Paschalis III.[5] Besides, it is possible that Lucius II promoted also cardinal-deacon Pietro of S. Maria in Via Lata,[6] but most probably he was created by Eugene III in March 1145.[7]

References

  1. Brixius, p. 51-53, mentions ten cardinals. One additional, Bernardo, Can.Reg., has been identified by Horn, p. 387 (Brixius and Zenker list him among the creations of Eugene III). Zenker, p. 224 lists only nine promotions, but she erroneously indicates that Guido Puella was created only by Eugene III; she has oversighted, that he had subscribed a bull of Lucius II on 31 January 1145: Jaffé, p. 717.
  2. pp. 59-60; cf. Consistory of December 1144 by Salvador Miranda; retrieved on 26 September 2009.
  3. Jaffé, pp. 7, 20–21, 717. Cardella may have confused him with cardinal Nicolaus, who was created cardinal-deacon by Innocent II in 1142 and promoted by Celestine II to cardinal-priest of S. Ciriaco in 1143; cf. Brixius, p. 45 no. 33; Zenker, p. 190. The title of S. Lorenzo in Damaso was occupied by Guido de Summa from 1143 until 1149 (Brixius, p. 137).
  4. p. 58.
  5. Cfr. Brixius, p. 108
  6. Cardella, pp. 57-58; Consistory of December 1144 by Salvador Miranda; retrieved on 26 September 2009.
  7. Horn, p. 186; Zenker, p. 178-179 no. 146; Brixius, p. 56 no. 18.

Sources

  • The Cardinals of the Holy Roman Church
  • Barbara Zenker: Die Mitglieder des Kardinalkollegiums von 1130 bis 1159. Würzburg 1964, pp. 224-225
  • Johannes M. Brixius: Die Mitglieder des Kardinalkollegiums von 1130-1181. Berlin 1912, pp. 51-53
  • Michael Horn: Studien zur Geschichte Papst Eugens III.(1145-1153), Peter Lang Verlag 1992
  • Philipp Jaffé, Regesta pontificum Romanorum ab condita Ecclesia ad annum post Christum natum MCXCVIII, vol. II, Berlin 1888
  • Lorenzo Cardella: Memorie storiche de' cardinali della Santa Romana Chiesa, Rome 1792, vol. I, pt. 2

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