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Cardinals created by Celestine II

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Pope Celestine I (1143–1144) created ten cardinals in one consistory:[1]

Consistory of 17. Dezember 1143

  • Guido de Summa[2] — cardinal-priest of S. Lorenzo in Damaso, then (23 September 1149) cardinal-bishop of Ostia, † 1151
  • Manfredo[3] — cardinal-priest of S. Sabina, † 1157
  • Raniero[4] — cardinal-priest of S. Stefano in Monte Celio, † shortly before 22. Dezember 1144
  • Ariberto[5] — cardinal-priest of S. Anastasia, † 1156
  • Rodolfo[6] — cardinal-deacon of S. Lucia in Septisolio, † after April 1160
  • Gregorio[7] — cardinal-deacon of S. Angelo, then (April 1154) cardinal-bishop of Sabina, † 1154
  • Astaldo degli Astalli[8] — cardinal-deacon of S. Eustachio, then (2 March 1151) cardinal-priest of S. Prisca, † 1161
  • Giovanni Caccianemici,[9] Can.Reg. — cardinal-deacon of S. Maria Nuova, † 1152
  • Giovanni Paparoni[10] — cardinal-deacon of S. Adriano, then (2 March 1151) cardinal-priest of S. Lorenzo in Damaso † 1154
  • Hugo Novariensis[11] — cardinal-deacon of S. Lucia in Orphea, then (19 May 1144) cardinal-priest of S. Lorenzo in Lucina, † 21 September 1150

Additional notes

Apart from the cardinals metioned above sometimes it is erroneously claimed that Celestine II created also some other persons to the cardinalate, who actually were created by other popes or are confused with other cardinals.

Cardinal-priests Giulio of S. Marcello and Robert Pullen of S. Martino, and cardinal-deacon Giacinto Bobone (future pope Celestine III) almost certainly were created by Lucius II.[12] On the other hand, cardinal-deacon Gregorio[13] is attested as cardinal already under Innocent II.[14]

Cardinal-priest Gezo of S. Susanna, who allegedly subscribed a bull on 15 March 1144,[15] probably "owes" his existence wrong transcription of the signature Goizo presbiter cardinalis tituli S. Caeciliae.[16]

Finally, cardinal Ugo Misani of Bologna, ostensibly created cardinal-priest of S. Lorenzo in Lucina,[17] is undoubtedely the same person as cardinal-deacon Ugo of S. Lucia in Septisolio, who was promoted to the rank of cardinal-priest of S. Lorenzo in Lucina by Lucius II, and was born in Novara, not in Bologna.[18]

References

  1. Zenker, p. 224-225; Brixius, p. 49-50.
  2. Brixius, p. 49-50 no. 4; Zenker, p. 20-21 no. 4.
  3. Brixius, p. 50 no. 8; Zenker, p. .
  4. Brixius, p. 50 no. 9; Zenker, p. 134 no. 102.
  5. Brixius, p. 49 no. 2; Zenker, p. 72-73 no. 43.
  6. Brixius, p. 50 no. 10; Zenker, p. 141 no. 115.
  7. Brixius, p. 49 no. 3; Zenker, p. 48-50 no. 26 (Zenker partially confused him with his homonymous predecessor).
  8. Brixius, p. 49 no. 1; Zenker, p. 95 no. 65.
  9. Brixius, p. 50 no. 7; Zenker, p. 144-145 no. 117.
  10. Brixius, p. 50 no. 6; Zenker, p. 79-82 no. 47.
  11. Brixius, p. 50 no. 5; Zenker, p. 123-125 no. 95.
  12. Brixius, p. 52-53 no. 6, 8 and 9, and p. 104.
  13. Consistory of Ash Wednesday 1144 by Salvador Miranda.
  14. Brixius, p. 42 no. 17, p. 87-88.
  15. Jaffé, II, p. 7
  16. Brixius, p. 82. Cardinal Goizo of S. Cecilia was created by Innocent II.
  17. Consistory of Ash Wednesday 1144 by Salvador Miranda.
  18. Brixius, p. 98-99; cfr Zenker, p. 124. The origins from Novara of cardinal Ugo of S. Lorenzo in Lucina are confirmed by contemporary chronicle Gesta Alberonis. The statement about Bolognese origins is based on a confusion with cardinal Hugo of Bologna under Alexander III (Brixius, p. 99).

Sources

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