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Camillo Laurenti (20 November 1861—6 September 1938) was an Italian Cardinal of the Roman Catholic Church. He served as Prefect of the Sacred Congregation of Rites from 1929 until his death, and was elevated to the cardinalate in 1921.
Camillo Laurenti was born in Monte Porzio Catone, and studied at the Pontifical Gregorian University in Rome, from where he obtained his doctorates in philosophy and in theology. He attended the Capranica College as well. Laurenti was ordained to the priesthood on 7 June 1884, and became an official of the Sacred Congregation for the Propagation of the Faith on the following 1 September.
Whilst serving as professor of philosophy at the Pontifical Urbanian Athenaeum De Propaganda Fide (1892-1908), he was raised to the rank of Privy Chamberlain Supernumerary on 3 August 1889. Laurenti returned to the Roman Curia on 20 October 1908 as Undersecretary of the Congregation for the Propagation of the Faith. He was later named Domestic Prelate of His Holiness on 12 June 1909, and Secretary of the Propagation of the Faith on 12 August 1911. As Secretary, he served as the second-highest official of that dicastery, successively under Cardinals Girolamo Maria Gotti, Domenico Serafini, and Willem van Rossum.
Pope Benedict XV created him Cardinal-Deacon of S. Maria della Scala in the consistory of 21 June 1921. Laurenti participated in the 1922 papal conclave, which selected Pope Pius XI, who thence appointed him Prefect of Sacred Congregation of Religious on 5 July of that same year.
The Cardinal, after six years as the Vatican overseer of all religious orders, was made Pro-Prefect of the Sacred Congregation of Rites on 17 December 1928, rising to become full Prefect on 12 March 1929. He opted for the order of Cardinal Priests on December 16, 1935, and retained his titular church.
Laurenti died in Rome, at age 76, and is buried at the Campo di Verano cemetery.
Teodoro Valfre di Bonzo
|Prefect of Sacred Congregation of Religious|
5 July 1922–12 March 1929
| Succeeded by|
|Prefect of the Sacred Congregation of Rites|
12 March 1929–6 September 1929
| Succeeded by|