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|His Eminence |
|Cardinal Archbishop Emeritus of Armagh|
|Ordination||22 June 1941 (Priest)|
|Consecration||16 July 1967 (Bishop)|
|Created Cardinal||28 June 1991|
|Rank||Cardinal-Priest of S. Patrizio|
|Other||Bishop of Down and Connor 1982-1990; Bishop of Ardagh and Clonmacnoise 1967-1982|
|Birth name||Cahal Brendan Daly|
1 October 1917|
Loughguile, County Antrim, Ireland
31 December 2009 (aged 92)|
Belfast, Northern Ireland.
|Denomination||Roman Catholic Church|
Daly served as Archbishop of Armagh and thus Primate of All Ireland from 1990 to 1996, the most elderly man to take up this role for nearly 200 years. He was then was elevated to the cardinalate in 1991. He was the country's highest ranking Cardinal by the end of his life. His death in 2009 brought to an end a two-year period during which Ireland had three Cardinals for the first time in its history.
Prior to this Daly he was based for three decades in Longford as Bishop of Ardagh and Clonmacnoise. He served for much of the 1980s as Bishop of Down and Connor at which time he was based in Belfast during The Troubles.
Considered "the hierarchy’s foremost theologian", he vocally disregarded the Irish Republican Army (IRA) throughout his reign. Daly had many published works, as recently as 2004, and was known for his views on philosophy, theology and on the Northern Ireland situation, attracting global acclaim for writing the speech which Pope John Paul II used on his 1979 visit to Drogheda to ask for an end to violence on the island.
Cahal Brendan Daly was born in Loughguile, County Antrim, Ireland to a woman from County Antrim and a man who was a teacher of primary school children and came from Keadue, County Roscommon. He had six siblings; he was the third-born child. He was educated at St. Patrick's National School in Loughguile, and then as a boarder in St. Malachy's College, Belfast in 1930. Writer Brian Moore was a student there at the same time.
Daly then studied Classics at Queen's University in Belfast. He earned his B.A. with Honours and also the Henry Medal in Latin Studies in 1937 and completed his M.A. the following year. He entered St Patrick's College, Maynooth and was ordained to the priesthood on 22 June 1941. He continued studies in theology in Maynooth, from where he obtained a doctorate in divinity (DD) in 1945. His first appointment was as Classics Master in St. Malachy's College (1944-1945). In 1945 he was appointed Lecturer in Scholastic Philosophy at Queen's University, Belfast, retaining the post for 21 years. From 1952–1953 Queens granted him sabbatical leave, which he spent studying at the Catholic Institute of Paris where he received a licentiate in philosophy. He would return to France at many points, particularly for holidays. He persisted with his studies well into his retirement.
Bishop years, incl. Second Vatican Council
“For God's sake, rid our hearts of this poison. Evil must be rejected totally and unequivocally. There must be no ambivalence, no double standards, no selective indignation.”
— Daly's reponse to the IRA's abduction and shooting dead of two British soldiers in west Belfast (1988).
Daly was a peritus, or theological expert, at the Second Vatican Council (1963–1965) to Bishop William Philbin during the first session of the Council and to Cardinal William Conway for the rest of the Council. He dedicated himself to scholarship for 30 years, and published several books seeking to bring about understanding between the warring factions in Northern Ireland.
Daly became a Reader in Scholastic Philosophy at Queen's University in 1963, a post he held until 1967, when he was appointed Bishop of Ardagh and Clonmacnoise on 26 May. Daly received his episcopal consecration on the following 16 July from Cardinal William Conway, with Archbishop Giuseppe Sensi and Bishop Neil Farren serving as co-consecrators. He would remain there until 1982.
From 1974 on, he devoted himself to ecumenical activities for the Pontifical Council for Promoting Christian Unity. His famous pastoral letter to Protestants, written in 1979, pleaded for Christian unity.
Archbishop and Cardinal years
|His Eminence |
Cardinal Archbishop of Armagh |
and Primate of All Ireland
|Enthroned||6 November 1990 (appointed)|
|Reign ended||1 October 1996 (retired)|
|Predecessor||Cardinal Tomás Ó Fiaich|
|Successor||Cardinal Seán Brady|
On 6 November 1990, Daly was appointed archbishop of Armagh and, as such, Primate of All Ireland. He was aged 73 by this stage. His age made him an unexpected occupant of the post. Despite this it was requested that he stay in the role for three more years than originally intended. Daly took a notably harder line against the Irish Republican Army than his predecessor, Tomás Ó Fiaich. He was later created a Cardinal Priest of S. Patrizio by Pope John Paul II in the consistory of 28 June 1991. Cardinal Daly retired as Archbishop of Armagh on his 79th birthday, 1 October 1996.
Although Catholic bishops offer their resignation at the age of 75, Cardinal Daly remained in office until his 79th birthday. He subsequently suffered considerable ill health. Although it was announced that he would attend the funeral of Pope John Paul II, he stayed home on the advice of his doctors. As he had turned 80 in 1997, he was ineligible to participate in the 2005 conclave that elected Pope Benedict XVI, due to his age.
Daly opposed formal integrated education of Roman Catholics and Protestants. This policy was criticized by those who believed segregated education to be one of the causes of sectarianism in Northern Ireland, but was seen by the Roman Catholic clergy as important for passing on the faith to future generations.
He was heckled by the audience on live television during a broadcast of The Late Late Show on the topic of paedophilia in the 1990s. Upon his retirement in 1996 he made no further public statement until his death. A photograph of him at the ceremony initiating Seán Brady as a Cardinal in 2007 was entered by the Irish Independent for a national award (judged by an international panel).
Declining health and death
Daly was rushed to the coronary unit of Belfast City Hospital on December 28, 2009. His health had already been declining, leading to prayers being ordered for him. Dr Daly died in hospital in Belfast on 31 December 2009, aged 92. His family were on his beside at the time of the incident.
In tributes, both Taoiseach Brian Cowen and former UK Prime Minister Tony Blair stressed Cardinal Daly's contribution to the peace process in Northern Ireland. The deputy First Minister of Northern Ireland, the Sinn Féin MLA Martin McGuinness, said it was no secret that Republicans and Cardinal Daly had never enjoyed a close relationship during The Troubles, but that relations had warmed since then. Warm tributes also came from the Primate of the Church of Ireland, Most Rev. Alan Harper, the President of the Methodist Church in Ireland, Rev. Donald P. Ker, and the Moderator of the Presbyterian Church in Ireland, Rt. Rev. Dr. Stafford Carson.
He lay in state before this in Belfast. He was then brought to Armagh. Pope Benedict XVI paid tribute at this stage. Large numbers of people travelled from as far as County Westmeath to attend Mass at Armagh on January 4, at which Monsignor Liam McEntaggart spoke of "when the history of peace making in Ireland comes to be written, the contribution of Cardinal Daly will be accorded a high place". The funeral was held on January 5, 2010 and attended by the President and An Taoiseach Brain Cowen.
In 2001, eight years before his death, Dr. Daly donated his entire set of writings to the Political Collection of the Linen Hall Library. His donation to the Library, which is bound in handsome volumes, includes 500 sermons, essays, addresses and press statements.
Daly said at the time:
|“||Where feelings run high and community resentments are strong on both sides, truth itself becomes an early casualty. St Paul wrote of speaking the truth in love, and that is what the Christian pastor must always seek to do. Whether or to what extent I succeeded in doing so is for others to judge, not me.||”|
Two of his speecehes feature in Teachers of the Faith: Speeches and Lectures by Catholic Bishops, a book of international addresses by members of the clergy spanning 26 years.
- ↑ 1.0 1.1 "Cardinal Cahal Daly, Leader of Irish Church in Time of Violence, Dies at 92". The New York Times. 2010-01-01. http://www.nytimes.com/2010/01/02/world/europe/02daly.html. Retrieved 2010-01-01.
- ↑ 2.0 2.1 Oliver V. Brennan (Sept, 2003). "Teachers of the Faith: Speeches and Lectures by Catholic Bishops". Catholic Education. http://findarticles.com/p/articles/mi_6936/is_1_7/ai_n28172860/. Retrieved 2010-01-01.
- ↑ 3.0 3.1 3.2 3.3 3.4 3.5 3.6 "Cardinal Cahal Daly dies: an IRA critic who sought to build bridges". The Daily Telegraph. 2010-01-01. http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/newstopics/religion/6918613/Cardinal-Cahal-Daly-dies-an-IRA-critic-who-sought-to-build-bridges.html. Retrieved 2010-01-01.
- ↑ Miranda, Salvador. "Cahal Daly". The Cardinals of the Holy Roman Church. http://www.fiu.edu/~mirandas/bios-d.htm#Daly. Retrieved 2009-06-23.
- ↑ "Cardinal Cahal Daly 'seriously ill'". RTÉ. 2009-12-28. http://www.rte.ie/news/2009/1228/dalyc.html. Retrieved 2010-01-01.
- ↑ "Pope seeks dialogue with non-Catholic Christians". The Times. 2007-11-01. http://www.timesonline.co.uk/tol/comment/faith/article2784543.ece. Retrieved 2010-01-01.
- ↑ Dan Collins (2010-01-01). "Tributes as Cardinal Daly dies at 92". Irish Examiner. http://www.examiner.ie/ireland/tributes-as-cardinal-daly-dies-at-92-108799.html. Retrieved 2010-01-01.
- ↑ "Cardinal credited with famous John Paul II speech dies", Herald Sun, 1 January 2010, http://www.heraldsun.com.au/news/breaking-news/cardinal-credited-with-famous-john-paul-ii-speech-dies/story-e6frf7k6-1225815188323 .
- ↑ 9.00 9.01 9.02 9.03 9.04 9.05 9.06 9.07 9.08 9.09 9.10 9.11 9.12 9.13 Dan Keenan and Patsy McGarry (2009-12-29). "Cardinal Daly seriously ill in hospital with heart trouble". The Irish Times. http://www.irishtimes.com/newspaper/frontpage/2009/1229/1224261353747.html. Retrieved 2010-01-01.
- ↑ 10.0 10.1 10.2 10.3 Dan Keenan (2009-12-30). "Brady urges prayers for seriously ill cardinal". The Irish Times. http://www.irishtimes.com/newspaper/ireland/2009/1230/1224261407742.html. Retrieved 2010-01-01.
- ↑ 11.0 11.1 11.2 11.3 "Catholics urged to pray for former Primate Daly". The Belfast Telegraph. 2009-12-30. http://www.belfasttelegraph.co.uk/news/local-national/catholics-urged-to-pray-for-former-primate-daly-14616155.html. Retrieved 2010-01-01.
- ↑ "Cardinal remembered in west Offaly". Offaly Express. 2009-12-30. http://www.offalyexpress.ie/news/Cardinal-remembered-in-west-Offaly.5943731.jp. Retrieved 2010-01-01.
- ↑ 13.0 13.1 13.2 Henry McDonald (2010-01-01). "Cardinal Cahal Daly, former leader of Ireland's Catholics, dies at 92". The Guardian. http://www.guardian.co.uk/world/2010/jan/01/cardinal-cahal-daly-ireland-catholic-church-ira-troubles. Retrieved 2010-01-01.
- ↑ Gordon Deegan (2007-03-08). "Bishop Walsh will be 'happy to retire' in 3 years". Irish Independent. http://www.independent.ie/national-news/bishop-walsh-will-be-happy-to-retire-in-3-years-48656.html. Retrieved 2010-01-01.
- ↑ "For the record". The Observer. 2009-12-20. http://www.guardian.co.uk/theobserver/2009/dec/20/for-the-record-corrections. Retrieved 2010-01-01.
- ↑ Edel Kennedy (2008-01-21). "Snap decisions focus on best photographs". Irish Independent. http://www.independent.ie/national-news/snap-decisions-focus-on-best-photographs-1270210.html. Retrieved 2010-01-01. "Link to photo"
- ↑ John Cooney (2009-12-29). "Cardinal Daly seriously ill with heart problems". Irish Independent. http://www.independent.ie/national-news/cardinal-daly-seriously-ill-with-heart-problems-1991596.html. Retrieved 2010-01-01.
- ↑ "Cardinal Daly remains seriously ill". RTÉ. 2009-12-29. http://www.rte.ie/news/2009/1229/dalyc.html. Retrieved 2010-01-01.
- ↑ "Prayer appeal for sick Irish cardinal Cahal Daly". BBC. 2009-12-29. http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/uk_news/northern_ireland/8433810.stm. Retrieved 2010-01-01.
- ↑ 20.0 20.1 20.2 20.3 Tributes paid to Cardinal Cahal Daly, RTÉ, 31 December 2009, http://www.rte.ie/news/2009/1231/dalyc.html .
- ↑ 21.0 21.1 Irish cardinal Cahal Daly dies, BBC News, 31 December 2009, http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/northern_ireland/8436755.stm .
- ↑ 22.0 22.1 "Cardinal Cahal Daly, 92; led Irish Catholics amid Troubles", Boston Globe, 1 January 2010, http://www.boston.com/bostonglobe/obituaries/articles/2010/01/01/cardinal_cahal_daly_92_led_irish_catholics_amid_troubles/ .
- ↑ "Ex-leader of Irish Catholic Church Daly dies at 92". Taiwan News. 2010-01-01. http://www.etaiwannews.com/etn/news_content.php?id=1145586&lang=eng_news. Retrieved 2010-01-01.
- ↑ Victorial O'Hara (2010-01-01). "Cardinal Daly dies with family at his side". The Belfast Telegraph. http://www.belfasttelegraph.co.uk/news/local-national/cardinal-daly-dies-with-family-at-his-side-14618608.html. Retrieved 2010-01-01.
- ↑ "Cardinal Daly to lie in state in Belfast". RTÉ. 2010-01-01. http://www.rte.ie/news/2010/0101/dalyc.html. Retrieved 2010-01-01.
- ↑ "Remains of Cardinal Daly lie in state". RTÉ. 2010-01-02. http://www.rte.ie/news/2010/0102/dalyc.html. Retrieved 2010-01-02.
- ↑ "Remains of late cardinal arrive in Armagh". RTÉ. 2010-01-03. http://www.rte.ie/news/2010/0103/dalyc.html. Retrieved 2010-01-05.
- ↑ "Crowds attend mass for Cardinal Daly". RTÉ. 2010-01-04. http://www.rte.ie/news/2010/0104/dalyc.html. Retrieved 2010-01-05.
- ↑ "Cardinal Cahal Daly funeral today". RTÉ. 2010-01-05. http://www.rte.ie/news/2010/0105/dalyc.html. Retrieved 2010-01-05.
- ↑ "Cardinal Cahal Daly seriously ill". BBC. 2009-12-28. http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/uk_news/northern_ireland/8432902.stm. Retrieved 2010-01-01.
- Archdiocese of Armagh
- The Ferns Report
- Catholic Hierarchy
- Obituary in The Daily Telegraph
- Obituary in The Guardian
- Obituary in The Irish Times
|Catholic Church titles|
James Joseph MacNamee
|Bishop of Ardagh and Clonmacnoise|
| Succeeded by|
|Bishop of Down and Connor|
| Succeeded by|
Patrick Joseph Walsh
Cardinal Tomás Ó Fiaich
|Archbishop of Armagh|
and Primate of All Ireland
| Succeeded by|
Cardinal Seán Brady