|Bishops of Poznań and Archbishop of Gniezno|
|Born||1135, Dobrów, Poland|
|Died||1182 or 1204, Uniedow, Poland|
|Venerated in||Roman Catholic Church|
|Beatified||27 May 1925 by Pope Pius XI|
|Major shrine||relics in Collegiate Church of the Assumption of the Blessed Virgin Mary, Uniejów, Poland|
|Attributes||Bishop holding a fish|
|Patronage||Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Gniezno, Poland|
Born of nobility at Dobrów, Poland, with a twin Boguphalus, both of whom would later study in Paris, France. Having completed his studies Bogumilus was ordained a priest near Dobrów. His uncle, who was the Archbishop of Gniezno, made him the chancellor of Gniezno. Bogumilus succeededed his uncle as Archbishop of Gniezno in 1167. Bogumilus founded a Cistercian abbey at Coronawa. He resigned his see in 1172, due to opposition by his clergy due to his excessive strictness. Bogumilus joined the Camaldolese at Uniedow, Poland, where he remained until his death. While nn his deathbed, it is believed that Bogumilus saw a vision of the Virgin Mary and Child, surrounded by a throng of angels, who were inviting him to heaven.
Legacy and VenerationThe cult and veneration of Bogumilus began almost immediately after his death, especially in Eastern Poland. Many people prayed for his intercession for things such as health, good livestock and a good catch while fishing. When they were answered many faithful visited his tomb, and it became a place for local pilgrimage. Yet it was not until 1625 that the formal process of beatification began by Primate Maciej Łubieński. The files were sent to Rome in 1651, however the process was never completed as the "book of miracles", which was in the hands of a Count, by the name of Sebastian Głębocki, was burned at his court in Głębokiem, Kruszwica. In 1788 a small wooden chapel dedicated to Bogumilus was built, in the wetlands of the Rivers Warta and Teleszyny, near Dobrów, and still stands till this day. The process of beatification would remain dormant until 1908, Stanislaw Zdzitowiecki, the Bishop of Kujawsko-Kaliska. On 27 May 1925 Pope Pius XI proclaimed Bogumilus, as blessed. Later Pope Paul VI would bestow on Bogumilus the patronage of Archdiocese of Gniezno.
Some scholars believe that Bogumilus is the confluence of two historical figures, by the names of Bogumilus and Peter. It was this Peter that was named Archbishop of Gniezno, and may have taken the name Bogumilus. There is no definitive evidence, to support this, and most modern historians regard Piotr Bogumił, as one historical person, who is venerated in the Catholic Church.
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