The first settlement in the Golan Heights called Bnei Yehuda was founded as a moshava in 1887 by Jews from Safed, with the help of Laurence Oliphant. It was abandoned after Oliphant's death in 1888, but re-settled in 1890. Six houses were built next to the Arab village of Bir ash-Shakum, with the help of Hovevei Zion from London. In 1906, the village's population was 33, and its land area was 3,500 dunams (3.5 km2). Because of the difficult conditions of the villages, Bnei Yehuda was abandoned, and re-settlement plans by Hashomer in 1913 failed. The Bernstein family remained on the lands until they were finally abandoned on April 25, 1920, following a Syrian attack which killed two members of the family.