File:Daya Singh, Dharm Singh and Himmat Singh of the panj pyare.jpg

Bhai Dharam Singh (3 November 1666 - 1708), one of the Panj Piare or the Five Beloved, the forerunners of Khalsa and was a farmer by profession. He was the son of Bhai Sant Ram and Mai Sabho, of Hastinapur, an ancient town on the right bank of the Ganges, 35 km northeast of Meerut (29°N, 77° 45'E).

Joins 10th Guru: Dharam Das, as he was originally named, was born around 1666. As a young man, he fell into the company of a Sikh who introduced him to the teachings of the Gurus. He left home at the age of thirty in quest of further instruction. At the Sikh shrine of Nanak Piau, dedicated to Guru Nanak, he was advised to go to Guru Gobind Singh at Anandpur, where he arrived in 1698.

  • Original Name: Bhai Dharam Das
  • Became Bhai Dharam Singh on taking Amrit in 1699.
  • Born into a farming family in Hastinapur on the banks of river Ganges on 1666 - the same year of birth as Guru Gobind Singh
  • Father name: Bhai Sant Ram Ji
  • Mother name: Mata Mai Sabho Ji
  • Akal Chalana: Attained Shayeedie at Nanded Sahib on 1708, aged 42 years.
  • At the time of creation of Khalsa, Bhai Sahib ji was 33 years old
  • Together with Bhai Daya Singh was sent to deliver the Zafarnamah to Emperor Aurangzeb
  • On night of 7/8 December 1705 at Chamkaur with Bhai Daya Singh accompanied Guru Gobind Singh out of the fort.






Offered His Head. A few months later came the historic Baisakhi congregation at which five Sikhs responding to five successive calls of Guru Gobind Singh offered one after the other to lay down their heads. Dharam Das was one of those five. The Guru blessed them and called them Panj Piare, the five beloved of him. They were anointed as the first five members of the brotherhood of the Khalsa inaugurated on that day. Guru Gobind Singh then begged them to administer to him the vows of initiation.

Delivered Zafarnamah. Dharam Das, who, after initiation, became Dharam Singh, took part in the battles of Anandpur. He was in Guru Gobind Singh's train when Anandpur and thereafter Chamkaur were evacuated. He accompanied Bhai Daya Singh to the South to deliver Guru Gobind Singh's letter, the Zafarnamah, to Emperor Aurangzeb.

In Support of Prince Mua'zzam. During the war of succession following the death of Aurangzib on 20 February 1707, Guru Gobind Singh took the part of the rightful claimant to the imperial throne, Prince Mua'zzam, and sent for his help Bhai Dharam Singh who with his small band of Sikhs fought in the battle of Jajau (8 June 1707). He accompanied Guru Gobind Singh to Nanded and was with him at the time of his death on 7 October 1708.

Back Home. Dharam Singh died at Nanded. A gurdwara there preserves the memory jointly of Bhai Dharam Singh and Bhai Daya Singh.

See also


  • 1. Kuir Singh, Gurbifas Patshahi 10. Patiala, 1968
  • 2. Chhibbar, Kesar Singh, Bansavah`nama Dasari Patshahiari Ka. Chandigarh, 1972
  • 3. Santokh Sirigh, Bhai, Sn Gur Pratap 5uraj Granth. Amritsar 1926-37
  • 4. Macauliffe, Max Arthur, The Sikh Religion. Oxford, 1909
  • 5. Harbans Singh, Guru Gobind Singh. Chandigarh, 1966

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