|Bernardus Johannes Alfrink|
|Cardinal Archbishop of Utrecht|
Photo: Archepiscopal Archives Utrecht
|Enthroned||31 October 1955|
|Reign ended||6 December 1975|
|Predecessor||Johannes de Jong|
|Ordination||15 August 1924|
|Consecration||17 July 1951|
|Created Cardinal||28 March 1960|
5 July 1900|
16 December 1987|
|Buried||St. Catherine's Cathedral, Utrecht, Netherlands|
Bernardus Johannes Alfrink (July 5, 1900 – December 16, 1987) was a Dutch Cardinal of the Roman Catholic Church. He served as Archbishop of Utrecht from 1955 to 1975, and was elevated to the cardinalate in 1960.
Bernardus Alfrink was born in Nijkerk, and received his first Communion in 1911. After attending at the seminary in Rijsenburg and the Pontifical Biblical Institute in Rome, he was ordained to the priesthood on August 15, 1924 by Archbishop Henricus van de Wetering. He then completed his studies at the École Biblique in Jerusalem in 1930, and did pastoral work in Utrecht until 1933. Alfrink taught at the Seminary of Rijsenburg (1933-1945) and later the Catholic University of Nijmegen (1945-1951).
On May 28, 1951, he was appointed Coadjutor Archbishop of Utrecht and Titular Archbishop of Tyana. Alfrink received his episcopal consecration on the following July 17 from Archbishop Paolo Giobbe, papal internuncio in The Hague, with Bishops Willem Lemmens and Jan Smit serving as co-consecrators, in St. Catherine's Cathedral.
Alfrink succeeded Cardinal Johannes de Jong as Archbishop of Utrecht on October 31, 1955, and was named Apostolic Vicar of the Catholic Military Ordinariate of the Netherlands on April 16, 1957. He contributed to scientific publications, led the Pax Christi movement in the Netherlands, and was created Cardinal Priest of S. Gioacchino ai Prati di Castello by Pope John XXIII in the consistory of March 28, 1960.
From 1962 to 1965, the Dutch primate participated at the Second Vatican Council, and sat on its Board of Presidency. During one session of the Council, Alfrink had Cardinal Alfredo Ottaviani's microphone turned off after the latter exceeded his time limit.
Alfrink was one of the cardinal electors in the 1963 papal conclave, which selected Pope Paul VI. Along with Cardinal Giovanni Colombo, he assisted Cardinal Achille Liénart in delivering one of the closing messages of the Council on December 8, 1965.
He also served as President of the Episcopal Conference of Holland. Resigning as Utrecht's archbishop on December 6, 1975, he later voted in the conclaves of August and October 1978, which selected Popes John Paul I and John Paul II respectively.
He died in Nieuwegein at age 87, and was after a ceremony in St. Catharine's Cathedral, buried at St. Barbara's cemetery, next to his predecessor.
While coadjutor, he announced that the Dominican chapel in Huissen, where a large amount of Catholics were going to confession instead of at the local parishes, would be closed to the public, resulting in the dismay and violent reaction of many.
His father's name was Theodorus, and the priest who baptized him was Johannes Verstege.
- ↑ TIME Magazine. Seven New Hats March 14, 1960
- ↑ EWTN. What Went Wrong With Vatican II
- ↑ Christus Rex. To Rulers
- ↑ TIME Magazine. The Council's Prospects September 14, 1962
- ↑ TIME Magazine. Council of Renewal October 5, 1962
- ↑ TIME Magazine. The Radical, Revolutionary Church of The Netherlands March 31, 1967
- ↑ TIME Magazine. The Dominicans' Door January 21, 1952
- ↑ TIME Magazine. Theologian on Trial October 4, 1968
- ↑ TIME Magazine. Declaration of Independence January 17, 1969
- ↑ TIME Magazine. Love with the Proper Stranger February 21, 1964
|Catholic Church titles|
Pietro Doimo Munzani
|Titular Archbishop of Tyana|
28 May 1951 – 31 October 1955
| Succeeded by|
Johannes de Jong
|Archbishop of Utrecht|
31 October 1955 – 6 December 1975
| Succeeded by|
|New title||Apostolic Vicar of the Military Ordinariate of the Netherlands|
1957 – 1975
|New title||Cardinal Priest of San Gioacchino ai Prati di Castello|
28 March 1960 – 17 December 1987
| Succeeded by|