He was declared excommunicated latae sententiae by the Roman Catholic Church because of his unauthorized consecration by Archbishop Marcel Lefebvre on 30 June 1988, deemed by the Holy See to be "unlawful" and "a schismatic act", though some individuals doubt the validity of the excommunication. The excommunication was remitted on 21 January 2009.
Early life and ministry
Tissier de Mallerais was born in Sallanches, Haute-Savoie, France. After obtaining a university degree in biology, he entered the International Seminary of Saint Pius X at Fribourg in October 1969. On June 29, 1975 he was ordained priest by Archbishop Marcel Lefebvre at Ecône. He served first as a professor, then as vice-rector, and finally as rector of the seminary at Ecône. Then he was appointed Secretary General of the SSPX.
After his episcopal consecration Tissier de Mallerais continued in his position of Secretary General of the SSPX until 1996. In 1991, he consecrated Licínio Rangel as bishop for the Priestly Society of St. John Mary Vianney after the death of its founder, bishop Antônio de Castro Mayer.
In 1996, he was charged with writing a biography of Archbishop Marcel Lefebvre; the work was published in 2002.
In that same year, the history professor Luc Perrin claimed that he "went as far as to consider the present Roman Catholic Church is not a Christian Church, casting serious doubts on the validity of the 'conciliar' priesthood, calling it a 'gnostic priesthood' (Homily of June 27, 2002)."
By a decree of 21 January 2009 (Protocol Number 126/2009), which was issued in response to a renewed request that Bishop Fellay made on behalf of all four bishops whom Lefebvre had consecrated on 30 June 1988, the Prefect of the Congregation for Bishops, by the power expressly granted to him by Pope Benedict XVI, remitted the automatic excommunication that they had thereby incurred, and expressed the wish that this would be followed speedily by full communion of the whole of the Society of Saint Pius X with the Church, thus bearing witness, by the proof of visible unity, to true loyalty and true recognition of the Pope's Magisterium and authority.
The canonical situation of three of the four bishops thus became the same as that of the other clergy of the Society, who are suspended a divinis. Bernard Tissier de Mallerais was never suspended a divinis, because he was ordained priest on June 29, 1975. The punishment of the Holy See hits priests ordained by Archbishop Marcel Lefebvre since July, 1976 and a a divinis can never be retroactive.
- ↑ Apostolic Letter 'Ecclesia Dei'.
- ↑ Luc Perrin, professor at the University of Strasbourg 2 - Marc Bloch, where he teaches History of the Church, in a 2 September 2006 interview A Historian observes the Catholic moment
- ↑ Remissione Della Scomunica Latae Sententiae Ai Vescovi Della Fratertinà Sacerdotale San Pio X, 24.01.2009
- ↑ Letter of the Pontifical Commission Ecclesia Dei of 29 September 1995)
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