|The Moor, Il Moro, The African, The Black|
|Born||1524, San Fratello, Messina, Italy|
|Died||April 4, 1589, Palermo, Italy|
|Venerated in||Roman Catholic Church, Lutheran Church|
|Patronage||African missions; African American; black missions; black people; Palermo, Sicily San Fratello, Sicily|
Saint Benedict ("The Moor"; 1526 – April 4, 1589) was an Italian saint.
He was born to Christopher and Diana Manasseri, Africans (Ethiopians) who were taken to San Fratello (also known as San Fradello or San Philadelphio), a small town near Messina, Sicily, as slaves and later were converted to Christianity. Benedict was a Moor, the Italian "il Moro" for "the Black" has been interpreted as referring to a Moorish heritage. Benedict was also called from his origin Æthiops or Niger (both simply meaning black and not referring to the modern-day countries.)
Benedict's parents were granted freedom for their son before his birth because of their "loyal service". Benedict did not attend any school and was illiterate. During his childhood and youth he worked alongside his family for meager wages and was quick to give what he had earned to those more needy and to the sick. When he was 21 years old, he was publicly insulted for his color. His patient and dignified bearing at this time was noted by the leader of a group of Franciscan hermits. Benedict was quickly invited to join that order, and shortly thereafter he gave up all his earthly possessions and joined local hermits in Monte Pellegrino. He eventually became leader of that group. In 1564, when Pope Pius IV disbanded the orders of hermits, ordering them to attach themselves to a religious community, Benedict moved to Palermo to the Franciscan Friary of Saint Mary. Benedict started at the friary as a cook, but was soon elected guardian and then novice master - despite being a lay brother and being completely illiterate. Benedict accepted the promotion, with some understandable reluctance, and successfully helped the order adopt a more-strict version of the Franciscan monastic rule. Benedict was widely respected for his deep, intuitive understanding of theology and the Holy Scripture, and was often sought after for counseling. He also had a reputation as a healer of the sick. Combined, these things continued to bring many visitors to him, even after he returned to kitchen duty in his later years. He died at the age of 65 and, it is claimed, on the very day and hour he predicted. At the entrance of his cell in the Franciscan Convent of Saint Mary of Jesus, there is a plaque with the inscription "This is the cell where Saint Benedict lived, and the dates of his birth and death - 1524 and 1589". Those dates should be considered as the correct dates of his birth and death. However some historians indicate the date of his birth as 1526.
Benedict was beatified by Pope Benedict XIV in 1743 and canonized in 1807 by Pope Pius VII. It is also claimed that his body was found incorrupt upon exhumation a few years later. A patron saint of African Americans (There's an all-black Roman Catholic parish in the New York City borough of Queens that bears his name and in the Inglewood community of Chicago Illinois), Benedict is remembered for his patience and understanding when confronted with racial prejudice and taunts. He is commemorated as a confessor by the Lutheran Church on April 4. The devotion to Saint Benedict is spread throughout Latin America, from Mexico through Argentina, with special reference to Brazil, where his devotion is spread through the country's various states, and he is celebrated on many different dates, according to the local traditions.
- The Incorruptibles, a list of Catholic saints and beati whose bodies are reported to be incorrupt; that is, the bodies did not undergo any major decay after their burial and hence are considered to be under some form of divine protection.
Attwater, Donald and Catherine Rachel John. The Penguin Dictionary of Saints. 3rd edition. New York: Penguin Books, 1993. ISBN 0-140-51312-4.
- Catholic Forum: St Benedict Biography
- Anja's Art: St. Benedict Wood Sculpture
- "St. Benedict of San Philadelphio" in the 1913 Catholic Encyclopedia.eo:Benedikto la Afrikanosw:Benedikto Mwafrika