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Belief

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A belief is a particular view on the Universe. Belief is in contrast to both doubt and knowledge, the three of which form a spectrum of certainty. Generally, a belief is a form of opinion that is not universally accepted as truth due to lack of convincing evidence.

Belief can take a variety of forms and apply to many different subjects. The primary concern of belief lies in the supernatural, or that which cannot be directly observed in the natural world.

When several beliefs are clustered into a single topic or teaching, it is called a doctrine.

Afterlife Edit

Main article: Afterlife

Many religions put forth theories on what happens to the human consciousness or soul after death. The most prominent is a system of Heaven and Hell, where people judged as "good" go to Heaven, and those judged as "bad" go to Hell. However, alternate systems also exist, such as reincarnation.

God Edit

Main article: God

Most religions teach about some form of gods. The belief that there is only one god is called monotheism; the belief in many gods is called polytheism. Lack of belief in gods is called atheism.

Some religions are indifferent to gods as a whole, as gods are not necessary for a complete moral, ethical, or cosmological framework to be constructed. In such a case, the belief is called apathetic atheism.

Cosmology Edit

Main article: Creation

Many religions try to organize their views on the Universe by putting forward different versions of the creation. Often, the universe is created by gods or other powerful beings. Also described is the residence of gods, humans, the dead, demons, or any other supernatural beings.

Saints Edit

Main article: Saint

Another point that differs from religion to religion is the reverence and respect for important figures from the past. Oftentimes biographies of saints and other religious figures are organized into hagiographies to emphasize great faith or devotion to one's religion. The object of this practice is to inspire followers to commit similar acts of benevolence, virtue, faith, or other desirable traits.

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