Some identify Beit HaKerem with Ein Kerem. Others place Beit HaKerem south of Jerusalem, at Ramat Rachel, where cairns on the ridge may have served as beacons of old.  Others say it was near Tekoa, later known as Herodium According to the Bible, the trumpet sounded against the invading army of Babylon at this place (Jer. 6:1).
Beit Hakerem was a district center during the Persian Period, (Nehemiah 3:14). Archeological finds at Ramat Rachel have yielded dozens of seal impressions on jar handles from the 4th-3rd centuries BCE bearing the inscription yehud, the official name of the province of Judah in this period.