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Beit HaArava

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Beit HaArava

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Beit HaArava
Hebrew בֵּית הָעֲרָבָה
Name meaning House of the Arava
Founded 1939 (original)
1980 (re-establishment)
Founded by Youth Aliyah members
Council Megilot
Region West Bank
District Judea and Samaria Area
Coordinates 31°48′29.51″N 35°28′32.87″E / 31.8081972°N 35.4757972°E / 31.8081972; 35.4757972Coordinates: 31°48′29.51″N 35°28′32.87″E / 31.8081972°N 35.4757972°E / 31.8081972; 35.4757972

Beit HaArava (Hebrew: בֵּית הָעֲרָבָה‎, lit. House of the Arava) is an Israeli settlement and kibbutz in the West Bank. Located near the Dead Sea and Jericho at the eponymous Beit HaArava Junction, the intersection of Highway 1 and Highway 90, it falls under the jurisdiction of Megilot Regional Council.

History

The village was originally established in 1939 by European members of Zionist youth movements who had fled Nazi Germany to Mandate Palestine via Youth Aliyah.[1] David Coren, later a member of the Knesset, was also amongst the founders. It was named after the biblical village of the same name, located in the Arava plain.

On 20 May 1948, after a failure to reach an agreement with Transjordan's King Abdullah, Beit HaArava and the nearby Kalia were abandoned due to their isolation during the fighting of the 1948 Arab-Israeli War. The residents of the villages evacuated to the Israeli post at Sodom.[2] Its members were later temporarily housed in kibbutz Shefayim, and ultimately split into two groups which in 1949 founded the kibbutzim of Gesher HaZiv and Kabri in the Western Galilee.

Beit HaArava was re-established in 1980 as a paramilitary Nahal outpost, and was fully turned over to civilians in 1986. In 2000 the village was moved 5 kilometres westwards. Today it is home to 40 families, 30 of which are kibbutz members, and ten of which are organised as a communal settlement.

References

Some or all of this article is forked from Wikipedia. The original article was at Beit HaArava. The list of authors can be seen in the page history.

  1. "Beit HaArava: Blooming in the salty earth". Ynet. 2005-05-13. http://www.ynet.co.il/articles/0,7340,L-3083822,00.html. Retrieved 2008-05-16.  (Hebrew)
  2. ed. Nur, Eviatar, ed (1978). Carta's Atlas of Israel - The First Years 1948-1961. Jerusalem, Israel: Carta. 

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