The Battle of Toledo was fought in A.D. 1085, as part of the Reconquista.
King Alfonso VI of Castile (1040-1109) defeated the Muslims in Toledo, an important city beside the Tajo River. With this victory, Christians took control of a strategic area, from which they could start new military campaigns and thus begin converting the Iberian Peninsula (Spain and Portugal) back to Christianity after hundreds of years of Islamic rule. The conversion of the Roman population to Islam and the conversion of the Andalusian population to Christianity are both hotly contested topics in the fields of both Islamic history and Spanish history. The most popular view holds that the Romano-Spanish population retained much of their Christian faith during the Andalusian period of Spanish history with a large degree of accommodation reached with the local Islamic elites.
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