Baqofa (also, Baqofah or Bakofa or Bakopa or Baqopa) (Syriac: ܒܝܬ ܩܘܦܐ) is a Chaldean village in northern Iraq located near Batnaya.[1][2] The village's Aramaic name may derive from "Beth Qopa" or "Beth Qofa", signifying either the "House of Rods" or "Place of the Skull."[3]


The area is believed to have been settled for thousands of years, dating back to the Assyrian era; in 1852, an archaeological dig uncovered artifacts with Cuneiform script.[3] The earliest historical reference to the village dates to the 7th century, in Life of Rabban Hormizd the Persian.[4] Notable historical events have included devastating raids by Mongols in 1436 and 1508, an attack by Persian king Nader Shah in 1743, and an attack launched under order of the Kurdish governor of Rawandows in 1833.[3] An 1852 document indicated that in 1850 approximately families residing in the village attended its single church.[5]

Notable author and bishop Jacques-Eugene (Ogein) Manna, also known as "Ya'qob Awgin Manna",[4] whose Chaldean-Arabic Dictionary was first published in 1900 and was reprinted as recently as 2006,[6][7] was born in the village in 1867.[8][9]

Modern village

The modern agricultural village consists of about 80 brick, cement or stone houses, with approximately 600 inhabitants, primarily Chaldean Catholics who speak Chaldean Neo-Aramaic, along with Arabic and Kurdish.[3]


  1. "Baqofa". Retrieved 2009-04-18. "Baqofa is a very old Chaldean village located 15 miles north east of Mosul and less than two miles from the village of Batnaya, its roots goes back to the Assyrian era." 
  2. Father Habib.H.AL. Noufaly. Baqofah a Grain of Mustard. Baghdad,Iraq, ST George Chaldean Church, 2002. Chapter1, Page 9, first paragraph says, Baqofah is a Chaldean village. See
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 3.3 "Baqofa". Retrieved 2009-04-18. 
  4. 4.0 4.1 Wilmshurst, David (2000). The Ecclesiastical Organisation of the Church of the East, 1318-1913: Subs. 104. Peeters Publishers. p. 238. ISBN 9042908769. 
  5. Badger, George Percy (1852). The Nestorians and their rituals. 2. Masters. p. 153.,M1. 
  6. Luxenberg, Christoph (2007). The Syro-Aramaic reading of the Koran: a contribution to the decoding of the language of the Koran. Verlag Hans Schiler. p. 21. ISBN 3899300882. 
  7. Manna, Eugene (2006). Chaldean-Arabic Dictionary. Gorgias Press, LLC. ISBN 1593335520. 
  8. "Manna, Eugene. Chaldean-Arabic Dictionary". Gorgiaspress. Retrieved 2009-04-15. 
  9. "Bishop Jacques-Eugene Manna". Retrieved 2009-04-15. 

Coordinates: 36°35′N 43°08′E / 36.583°N 43.133°E / 36.583; 43.133sv:Baqofah

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