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Baba Sundar

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'Baba Sundar', celebrated for his six-stanza composition, the Ramkali Sadu, incorporated in Guru Granth Sahib, was the great grandson of Guru Amar Das. His father, Anand Das son of Baba Mohri, was a man of a devout temperament. Sundar grew up in an environment of faith and piety and developed deep affection and reverence for Guru Amar Dãs, his great-grandfather. The theme of his poem, Sadu meaning call, is the ascension of Guru Amar Das, described in terms of his having been recalled by God Almighty. The hymn states how Guru Amar Das had completely surrendered himself to the Will .of the Supreme Being, ever remaining absorbed in meditation on the Name, how he had, through the favour of Gurus, attained the office of Guth, how he, at the time of his departure, had appointed Ram Das his successor and how he had told his family to abide by the Will of the Lord and not to weep,for him after him.

Four Gursikhs whose Bani is included in the Guru Granth Sahib

Baba SundarBhai MardanaRai BalvandBhai Satta

Guru Hargobind, Son Tegh Bahadur& the family, with some sikhs visited goindwal after skirmish in amritsar then were left in Goindwal on the persuasion of Baba Sundarji.

His bani is in Raag Ramkali Sadu(Sadu - no rahau verse) contain 6 Padas.

Ramkali Sadu, by Sundar, is an "elegy" (sadd, in PUNJABI) included in the GURU GRANTH Sahib in Raga Ramkali, eighteenth of the thirtyone musical measures used in SIKH Scripture. Sadd is a form of folk poetry prevalent in rural Punjab. Literally the term means an invocation call, hark or cry. Originally, it was used to denote songs addressed by lover to beloved expressing his heart`s anguish. With the passage of time, it turned into a dirge sung in love and adoration of the dead. Sundar, a greatgrandson of Guru Amar Das, NANAK III, recaptures in this sixstanza verse the advice the Guru gave to his followers and members of his family just before he passed away. Guru Amar Das tells them not to weep and wail for him, nor to perform the customary mourning rites. Since death is an opportunity for the individual soul to get united with the Supreme Soul, it is not a moment for lament. The poem opens with an invocatory line wherein God is called the Beneficent Lord of this universe and one who cares for His devotees in all the three worlds. If one follows ihc Guru`s word, duality ends and one gives oneself to the contemplation of the Name of the Supreme Being alone. It was this gift of ndmsimran which Guru Amar Das received from his predecessors, Guru Nanak and Guru Arigad and which helped him achieve the Supreme status. When the call of death came, Guru Amar Das was absorbed in the meditation of His Name. The imperishable, immovable and immeasurable Lord could be realized only through ndmsimran (1). The second stanza summarizes the Guru`s injunctions to his followers to face the sombre moment of his death with calm serenity. One is adjured to rejoice in the Lord`s Will. It is only the Name that will help man in his journey to the next world, not the traditional funeral rituals meant to guide the soul hereafter. The next two stanzas, written in the first person, constitute the Guru`s last advice to his followers and relations. Since the "death summons from God cannot be returned uncomplied" (3), none should feel sad or weep at the time of his death: rather, the moment should be taken as an opportunity for the soul to become united with the Lord (4). In the concluding two stanzas, Sundar sums up the advice given by the Guru calling upon his SIKHS to chant the holy hymns instead of resorting to the customary rituals (5). The Sadu concludes with Guru Amar Das bidding his son Mohri and all the Sikhs to pay obeisance to Guru Ram Das whom he had anointed his successor "by placing himself into him"(6). The Sadu is commonly recited at the conclusion of a reading of the Guru Granth Sahib as part of the obsequies.


Gurbaani Of Baba Sundar

ਰਾਮਕਲੀ ਸਦ
रामकली सदु
Rāmkalī saḏu
Raamkalee, Sadd ~ The Call Of Death:

ੴ ਸਤਿਗੁਰ ਪ੍ਰਸਾਦਿ ॥
ੴ सतिगुर प्रसादि ॥
Ikoaʼnkār saṯgur parsāḏ.
One Universal Creator God. By The Grace Of The True Guru:

ਜਗਿ ਦਾਤਾ ਸੋਇ ਭਗਤਿ ਵਛਲੁ ਤਿਹੁ ਲੋਇ ਜੀਉ ॥
जगि दाता सोइ भगति वछलु तिहु लोइ जीउ ॥
Jag ḏāṯā soė bẖagaṯ vacẖẖal ṯihu loė jīo.
He is the Great Giver of the Universe, the Lover of His devotees, throughout the three worlds.

ਗੁਰ ਸਬਦਿ ਸਮਾਵਏ ਅਵਰੁ ਨ ਜਾਣੈ ਕੋਇ ਜੀਉ ॥
गुर सबदि समावए अवरु न जाणै कोइ जीउ ॥
Gur sabaḏ samāvė avar na jāṇai koė jīo.
One who is merged in the Word of the Guru's Shabad does not know any other.

ਅਵਰੋ ਨ ਜਾਣਹਿ ਸਬਦਿ ਗੁਰ ਕੈ ਏਕੁ ਨਾਮੁ ਧਿਆਵਹੇ ॥
अवरो न जाणहि सबदि गुर कै एकु नामु धिआवहे ॥
Avro na jāṇeh sabaḏ gur kai ėk nām ḏẖiāvhė.
Dwelling upon the Word of the Guru's Shabad, he does not know any other; he meditates on the One Name of the Lord.

ਪਰਸਾਦਿ ਨਾਨਕ ਗੁਰੂ ਅੰਗਦ ਪਰਮ ਪਦਵੀ ਪਾਵਹੇ ॥
परसादि नानक गुरू अंगद परम पदवी पावहे ॥
Parsāḏ Nānak gurū angaḏ param paḏvī pāvhė.
By the Grace of Guru Nanak and Guru Angad, Guru Amar Das obtained the supreme status.

ਆਇਆ ਹਕਾਰਾ ਚਲਣਵਾਰਾ ਹਰਿ ਰਾਮ ਨਾਮਿ ਸਮਾਇਆ ॥
आइआ हकारा चलणवारा हरि राम नामि समाइआ ॥
Āiā hakārā cẖalaṇvārā har rām nām samāiā.
And when the call came for Him to depart, He merged in the Name of the Lord.

ਜਗਿ ਅਮਰੁ ਅਟਲੁ ਅਤੋਲੁ ਠਾਕੁਰੁ ਭਗਤਿ ਤੇ ਹਰਿ ਪਾਇਆ ॥੧॥
जगि अमरु अटलु अतोलु ठाकुरु भगति ते हरि पाइआ ॥१॥
Jag amar atal aṯol ṯẖākur bẖagaṯ ṯė har pāiā. ||1||
Through devotional worship in this world, the imperishable, immovable, immeasurable Lord is found. ||1||

ਹਰਿ ਭਾਣਾ ਗੁਰ ਭਾਇਆ ਗੁਰੁ ਜਾਵੈ ਹਰਿ ਪ੍ਰਭ ਪਾਸਿ ਜੀਉ ॥
हरि भाणा गुर भाइआ गुरु जावै हरि प्रभ पासि जीउ ॥
Har bẖāṇā gur bẖāiā gur jāvai har parabẖ pās jīo.
The Guru gladly accepted the Lord's Will, and so the Guru easily reached the Lord God's Presence.

ਸਤਿਗੁਰੁ ਕਰੇ ਹਰਿ ਪਹਿ ਬੇਨਤੀ ਮੇਰੀ ਪੈਜ ਰਖਹੁ ਅਰਦਾਸਿ ਜੀਉ ॥
सतिगुरु करे हरि पहि बेनती मेरी पैज रखहु अरदासि जीउ ॥
Saṯgur karė har peh bėnṯī mėrī paij rakẖahu arḏās jīo.
The True Guru prays to the Lord, "Please, save my honor. This is my prayer".

ਪੈਜ ਰਾਖਹੁ ਹਰਿ ਜਨਹ ਕੇਰੀ ਹਰਿ ਦੇਹੁ ਨਾਮੁ ਨਿਰੰਜਨੋ ॥
पैज राखहु हरि जनह केरी हरि देहु नामु निरंजनो ॥
Paij rākẖo har janah kėrī har ḏėh nām niranjano.
Please save the honor of Your humble servant, O Lord; please bless him with Your Immaculate Name.

ਅੰਤਿ ਚਲਦਿਆ ਹੋਇ ਬੇਲੀ ਜਮਦੂਤ ਕਾਲੁ ਨਿਖੰਜਨੋ ॥
अंति चलदिआ होइ बेली जमदूत कालु निखंजनो ॥
Anṯ cẖalḏiā hoė bėlī jamḏūṯ kāl nikẖanjano.
At this time of final departure, it is our only help and support; it destroys death, and the Messenger of Death.

ਸਤਿਗੁਰੂ ਕੀ ਬੇਨਤੀ ਪਾਈ ਹਰਿ ਪ੍ਰਭਿ ਸੁਣੀ ਅਰਦਾਸਿ ਜੀਉ ॥
सतिगुरू की बेनती पाई हरि प्रभि सुणी अरदासि जीउ ॥
Saṯgurū kī bėnṯī pāī har parabẖ suṇī arḏās jīo.
The Lord God heard the prayer of the True Guru, and granted His request.

ਹਰਿ ਧਾਰਿ ਕਿਰਪਾ ਸਤਿਗੁਰੁ ਮਿਲਾਇਆ ਧਨੁ ਧਨੁ ਕਹੈ ਸਾਬਾਸਿ ਜੀਉ ॥੨॥
हरि धारि किरपा सतिगुरु मिलाइआ धनु धनु कहै साबासि जीउ ॥२॥
Har ḏẖār kirpā saṯgur milāiā ḏẖan ḏẖan kahai sābās jīo. ||2||
The Lord showered His Mercy, and blended the True Guru with Himself; He said, "Blessed! Blessed! Wonderful!"||2||

ਮੇਰੇ ਸਿਖ ਸੁਣਹੁ ਪੁਤ ਭਾਈਹੋ ਮੇਰੈ ਹਰਿ ਭਾਣਾ ਆਉ ਮੈ ਪਾਸਿ ਜੀਉ ॥
मेरे सिख सुणहु पुत भाईहो मेरै हरि भाणा आउ मै पासि जीउ ॥
Mėrė sikẖ suṇhu puṯ bẖāīho mėrai har bẖāṇā āo mai pās jīo.
Listen O my Sikhs, my children and Siblings of Destiny; it is my Lord's Will that I must now go to Him.

ਹਰਿ ਭਾਣਾ ਗੁਰ ਭਾਇਆ ਮੇਰਾ ਹਰਿ ਪ੍ਰਭੁ ਕਰੇ ਸਾਬਾਸਿ ਜੀਉ ॥
हरि भाणा गुर भाइआ मेरा हरि प्रभु करे साबासि जीउ ॥
Har bẖāṇā gur bẖāiā mėrā har parabẖ karė sābās jīo.
The Guru gladly accepted the Lord's Will, and my Lord God applauded Him.

ਭਗਤੁ ਸਤਿਗੁਰੁ ਪੁਰਖੁ ਸੋਈ ਜਿਸੁ ਹਰਿ ਪ੍ਰਭ ਭਾਣਾ ਭਾਵਏ ॥
भगतु सतिगुरु पुरखु सोई जिसु हरि प्रभ भाणा भावए ॥
Bẖagaṯ saṯgur purakẖ soī jis har parabẖ bẖāṇā bẖāvė.
One who is pleased with the Lord God's Will is a devotee, the True Guru, the Primal Lord.

ਆਨੰਦ ਅਨਹਦ ਵਜਹਿ ਵਾਜੇ ਹਰਿ ਆਪਿ ਗਲਿ ਮੇਲਾਵਏ ॥
आनंद अनहद वजहि वाजे हरि आपि गलि मेलावए ॥
Ānanḏ anhaḏ vajeh vājė har āp gal mėlāvaė
. The unstruck sound current of bliss resounds and vibrates; the Lord hugs him close in His embrace.

ਤੁਸੀ ਪੁਤ ਭਾਈ ਪਰਵਾਰੁ ਮੇਰਾ ਮਨਿ ਵੇਖਹੁ ਕਰਿ ਨਿਰਜਾਸਿ ਜੀਉ ॥
तुसी पुत भाई परवारु मेरा मनि वेखहु करि निरजासि जीउ ॥
Ŧusī puṯ bẖāī parvār mėrā man vėkẖhu kar nirjās jīo.
O my children, siblings and family, look carefully in your minds, and see.

ਧੁਰਿ ਲਿਖਿਆ ਪਰਵਾਣਾ ਫਿਰੈ ਨਾਹੀ ਗੁਰੁ ਜਾਇ ਹਰਿ ਪ੍ਰਭ ਪਾਸਿ ਜੀਉ ॥੩॥
धुरि लिखिआ परवाणा फिरै नाही गुरु जाइ हरि प्रभ पासि जीउ ॥३॥
Ḏẖur likẖiā parvāṇā firai nāhī gur jāė har parabẖ pās jīo. ||3||
The pre-ordained death warrant cannot be avoided; the Guru is going to be with the Lord God. ||3||

ਸਤਿਗੁਰਿ ਭਾਣੈ ਆਪਣੈ ਬਹਿ ਪਰਵਾਰੁ ਸਦਾਇਆ ॥
सतिगुरि भाणै आपणै बहि परवारु सदाइआ ॥
Saṯgur bẖāṇai āpṇai bahi parvār saḏāiā.
The True Guru, in His Own Sweet Will, sat up and summoned His family.

ਮਤ ਮੈ ਪਿਛੈ ਕੋਈ ਰੋਵਸੀ ਸੋ ਮੈ ਮੂਲਿ ਨ ਭਾਇਆ ॥
मत मै पिछै कोई रोवसी सो मै मूलि न भाइआ ॥
Maṯ mai picẖẖai koī rovsī so mai mūl na bẖāiā.
Let no one weep for me after I am gone. That would not please me at all.

ਮਿਤੁ ਪੈਝੈ ਮਿਤੁ ਬਿਗਸੈ ਜਿਸੁ ਮਿਤ ਕੀ ਪੈਜ ਭਾਵਏ ॥
मितु पैझै मितु बिगसै जिसु मित की पैज भावए ॥
Miṯ paijẖai miṯ bigsai jis miṯ kī paij bẖāvė.
When a friend receives a robe of honor, then his friends are pleased with his honor.

ਤੁਸੀ ਵੀਚਾਰਿ ਦੇਖਹੁ ਪੁਤ ਭਾਈ ਹਰਿ ਸਤਿਗੁਰੂ ਪੈਨਾਵਏ ॥
तुसी वीचारि देखहु पुत भाई हरि सतिगुरू पैनावए ॥
Ŧusī vīcẖār ḏėkẖhu puṯ bẖāī har saṯgurū paināvaė.
Consider this and see, O my children and siblings; the Lord has given the True Guru the robe of supreme honor.

ਸਤਿਗੁਰੂ ਪਰਤਖਿ ਹੋਦੈ ਬਹਿ ਰਾਜੁ ਆਪਿ ਟਿਕਾਇਆ ॥
सतिगुरू परतखि होदै बहि राजु आपि टिकाइआ ॥
Saṯgurū parṯakẖ hoḏai bahi rāj āp tikāiā.
The True Guru Himself sat up, and appointed the successor to the Throne of Raja Yoga, the Yoga of Meditation and Success.

ਸਭਿ ਸਿਖ ਬੰਧਪ ਪੁਤ ਭਾਈ ਰਾਮਦਾਸ ਪੈਰੀ ਪਾਇਆ ॥੪॥
सभि सिख बंधप पुत भाई रामदास पैरी पाइआ ॥४॥
Sabẖ sikẖ banḏẖap puṯ bẖāī Rāmḏās pairī pāiā. ||4||
All the Sikhs, relatives, children and siblings have fallen at the Feet of Guru Ram Das. ||4||

ਅੰਤੇ ਸਤਿਗੁਰੁ ਬੋਲਿਆ ਮੈ ਪਿਛੈ ਕੀਰਤਨੁ ਕਰਿਅਹੁ ਨਿਰਬਾਣੁ ਜੀਉ ॥
अंते सतिगुरु बोलिआ मै पिछै कीरतनु करिअहु निरबाणु जीउ ॥
Anṯė saṯgur boliā mai picẖẖai kīrṯan kariahu nirbāṇ jīo.
Finally, the True Guru said, "When I am gone, sing Kirtan in Praise of the Lord, in Nirvaanaa".

ਕੇਸੋ ਗੋਪਾਲ ਪੰਡਿਤ ਸਦਿਅਹੁ ਹਰਿ ਹਰਿ ਕਥਾ ਪੜਹਿ ਪੁਰਾਣੁ ਜੀਉ ॥
केसो गोपाल पंडित सदिअहु हरि हरि कथा पड़हि पुराणु जीउ ॥
Kėso gopāl pandiṯ saḏiahu har har kathā paṛeh purāṇ jīo.
Call in the long-haired scholarly Saints of the Lord, to read the sermon of the Lord, Har, Har.

ਹਰਿ ਕਥਾ ਪੜੀਐ ਹਰਿ ਨਾਮੁ ਸੁਣੀਐ ਬੇਬਾਣੁ ਹਰਿ ਰੰਗੁ ਗੁਰ ਭਾਵਏ ॥
हरि कथा पड़ीऐ हरि नामु सुणीऐ बेबाणु हरि रंगु गुर भावए ॥
Har kathā paṛīai har nām suṇīai bėbāṇ har rang gur bẖāvė.
Read the sermon of the Lord, and listen to the Lord's Name; the Guru is pleased with love for the Lord.

ਪਿੰਡੁ ਪਤਲਿ ਕਿਰਿਆ ਦੀਵਾ ਫੁਲ ਹਰਿ ਸਰਿ ਪਾਵਏ ॥
पिंडु पतलि किरिआ दीवा फुल हरि सरि पावए ॥
Pind paṯal kiriā ḏīvā ful har sar pāvė.
Do not bother with offering rice-balls on leaves, lighting lamps, and other rituals like floating the body out on the Ganges; instead, let my remains be given up to the Lord's Pool.

ਹਰਿ ਭਾਇਆ ਸਤਿਗੁਰੁ ਬੋਲਿਆ ਹਰਿ ਮਿਲਿਆ ਪੁਰਖੁ ਸੁਜਾਣੁ ਜੀਉ ॥
हरि भाइआ सतिगुरु बोलिआ हरि मिलिआ पुरखु सुजाणु जीउ ॥
Har bẖāiā saṯgur boliā har miliā purakẖ sujāṇ jīo.
The Lord was pleased as the True Guru spoke; he was blended then with the all-knowing Primal Lord God.

ਰਾਮਦਾਸ ਸੋਢੀ ਤਿਲਕੁ ਦੀਆ ਗੁਰ ਸਬਦੁ ਸਚੁ ਨੀਸਾਣੁ ਜੀਉ ॥੫॥
रामदास सोढी तिलकु दीआ गुर सबदु सचु नीसाणु जीउ ॥५॥
Rāmḏās sodẖī ṯilak ḏīā gur sabaḏ sacẖ nīsāṇ jīo. ||5||
The Guru then blessed the Sodhi Ram Das with the ceremonial tilak mark, the insignia of the True Word of the Shabad. ||5||

ਸਤਿਗੁਰੁ ਪੁਰਖੁ ਜਿ ਬੋਲਿਆ ਗੁਰਸਿਖਾ ਮੰਨਿ ਲਈ ਰਜਾਇ ਜੀਉ ॥
सतिगुरु पुरखु जि बोलिआ गुरसिखा मंनि लई रजाइ जीउ ॥
Saṯgur purakẖ je boliā gursikẖā man laī rajāė jīo.
And as the True Guru, the Primal Lord spoke, and the Gursikhs obeyed His Will.

ਮੋਹਰੀ ਪੁਤੁ ਸਨਮੁਖੁ ਹੋਇਆ ਰਾਮਦਾਸੈ ਪੈਰੀ ਪਾਇ ਜੀਉ ॥
मोहरी पुतु सनमुखु होइआ रामदासै पैरी पाइ जीउ ॥
Mohrī puṯ sanmukẖ hoiā Rāmḏāsai pairī pāė jīo.
His son Mohri turned sunmukh, and become obedient to Him; he bowed, and touched Ram Das' feet.

ਸਭ ਪਵੈ ਪੈਰੀ ਸਤਿਗੁਰੂ ਕੇਰੀ ਜਿਥੈ ਗੁਰੂ ਆਪੁ ਰਖਿਆ ॥
सभ पवै पैरी सतिगुरू केरी जिथै गुरू आपु रखिआ ॥
Sabẖ pavai pairī saṯgurū kėrī jithai gurū āp rakẖiā.
Then, everyone bowed and touched the feet of Ram Das, into whom the Guru infused His essence.

ਕੋਈ ਕਰਿ ਬਖੀਲੀ ਨਿਵੈ ਨਾਹੀ ਫਿਰਿ ਸਤਿਗੁਰੂ ਆਣਿ ਨਿਵਾਇਆ ॥
कोई करि बखीली निवै नाही फिरि सतिगुरू आणि निवाइआ ॥
Koī kar bakẖīlī nivai nāhī fir saṯgurū āṇ nivāiā.
And any that did not bow then because of envy - later, the True Guru brought them around to bow in humility.

ਹਰਿ ਗੁਰਹਿ ਭਾਣਾ ਦੀਈ ਵਡਿਆਈ ਧੁਰਿ ਲਿਖਿਆ ਲੇਖੁ ਰਜਾਇ ਜੀਉ ॥
हरि गुरहि भाणा दीई वडिआई धुरि लिखिआ लेखु रजाइ जीउ ॥
Har gureh bẖāṇā ḏīī vadiāī ḏẖur likẖiā lėkẖ rajāė jīo.
It pleased the Guru, the Lord, to bestow glorious greatness upon Him; such was the pre-ordained destiny of the Lord's Will.

ਕਹੈ ਸੁੰਦਰੁ ਸੁਣਹੁ ਸੰਤਹੁ ਸਭੁ ਜਗਤੁ ਪੈਰੀ ਪਾਇ ਜੀਉ ॥੬॥੧॥
कहै सुंदरु सुणहु संतहु सभु जगतु पैरी पाइ जीउ ॥६॥१॥
Kahai sunḏar suṇhu sanṯahu sabẖ jagaṯ pairī pāė jīo. ||6||1||
Says Sundar, listen, O Saints: all the world fell at His feet. ||6||1||

References

  • Snbadarth Sri (,uru Crnnth Sahib. AMRITSAR, 1964
  • Sahib SINGH, Sad Satik. Amritsar, 1935
  • Sardul Singh, Giani, Sadd Sidhant. Amritsar, n.d.

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