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Ayutthaya (city)

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For other meanings see Ayutthaya.


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Phra Nakhon Si Ayutthaya
พระนครศรีอยุธยา
Official seal of Phra Nakhon Si Ayutthaya
Seal
Country Thailand
Province Ayutthaya
Government
 - Type City municipality
 - Mayor Somsong Sappakosonlakul
Area
 - Total 14.84 km2 (5.7 sq mi)
Population (2006)
 - Total 54,888
 - Density 3,698.7/km2 (9,579.5/sq mi)
  Registered residents only
Time zone Thailand (UTC+7)
Website http://www.ayutthayacity.go.th

Ayutthaya (full name Phra Nakhon Si Ayutthaya, Thai: พระนครศรีอยุธยา, IPA: [ajutʰajaː];[needs tone] also spelled "Ayudhya") city is the capital of Ayutthaya province in Thailand. The city was founded in 1350 by King U-Thong, who came here to escape a smallpox outbreak in Lop Buri, and proclaimed it the capital of his kingdom, often referred to as the Ayutthaya kingdom or Siam. Ayutthaya was named after the city of Ayodhya in India, the birthplace of Rama in the Ramayana (Thai, Ramakien). In 1767 the city was destroyed by the Burmese army, resulting in the collapse of the kingdom, and the ruins of the old city now form the Ayutthaya historical park, which is recognized internationally as a UNESCO World Heritage Site. The city was refounded a few kilometers to the east.

It is estimated that Ayutthaya around 1600 had a population of about 300,000, and even 1,000,000 around 1700, making it one of the world's largest cities at the time.[1]

Ayutthaya Town Center

  • Ayutthaya Historical Study Center
  • Chan Kasem Palace
  • Chao Sam Phraya National Museum
  • St. Joseph's Church
  • Wang Luang
  • Wat Chai Watthanaram
  • Wat Lokaya Sutharam
  • Wat Mahathat
  • Wat Na Phra Men
  • Wat Phanan Choeng
  • Wat Phra Ram
  • Wat Phra Si Sanphet
  • Wat Phutthaisawan
  • Wat Ratchaburana
  • Wat Suwan Dararam
  • Wat Thammikarat
  • Wihan Phra Mongkhon Bophit
Ayutthaya-old

Ruins of Ayutthaya, Thailand

The city is located at the junction of the Chao Phraya, Lopburi and Pa Sak rivers, and on the main north-south railway linking Chiang Mai to Bangkok. The old city is on an island formed by a bend of the Chao Phraya on the west and south sides, the Pa Sak on the east side and the Klong Muang canal on the northern side.

Approximate centre of the old city: 14°20′N 100°34′E / 14.333°N 100.567°E / 14.333; 100.567

Media

Ayutthaya

Short video showing highlights of Ayutthaya

In popular culture

References

  1. George Modelski, World Cities: –3000 to 2000, Washington DC: FAROS 2000, 2003. ISBN 978-0-9676230-1-6. See also Evolutionary World Politics Homepage.

External links

ar:أثوياها da:Ayutthayaet:Ayutthayafa:آیوتایاgl:Ayutthaya - พระนครศรีอยุธยา id:Ayutthayamy:အယုဒ္ဓယja:テーサバーンナコーン・プラナコーンシーアユッタヤー no:Ayutthayapt:Ayutthaya ro:Ayutthaya ru:Аюттхая sl:Ajuthaja fi:Ayutthaya sv:Ayutthaya (stad) th:เทศบาลนครพระนครศรีอยุธยา vi:Ayutthaya (thành phố) war:Phra Nakhon Si Ayutthaya zh:阿瑜陀耶

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