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At-a-glance/Comparative mythology

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Lord of Mictlan (the lowest and northernmost section of the underworld), Mictlantecuhtli was depicted as a skeleton without flesh or blood.

See also:

Comparative mythology
At-a-glance/Aztec, Maya, Inca, Ho-Chunk, Navajo, Chinese, and Hindu mythology
At-a-glance/Hindu & Zoroastrian mythology
Norse, Greek, & Roman mythology
Yoruba, Biblical, Canaanite, Sumerian & Egyptian mythology

ir-os = eros = eyes many
ir-on = orion = eyes great
ir-on-os = ouranos = eyes great many

cheir-os = chrys-aor = hands many (cf. gold)
cheir-on = chiron = hands great
cheir-on-os = chronos = hands great many

di-os = zeus = many heads (many seers)
di-on = dione = great heads (cf. Zion)
di-on-os = dionysus = many great heads


Each stripe is 30 years.

If the text is too small you can zoom in by pressing ctrl +


Norse cosmology

Image of Revelation

Pyrrharctia isabella - Caterpillar - Devonian Fossil Gorge - Iowa City - 2014-10-15 - image 1
Pink Headed Reed Snake2

Dryas iulia, Mariposario de Icod de los Vinos, Tenerife, España, 2012-12-13, DD 01

Diego Delso,
Wikimedia Commons,
License CC-BY-SA 3.0
Feathered serpent (Kun) Ganesha (Peng) after rebirth

Tree of heads

Héraldique meuble Pommier

Many heads The immortality-giving Golden
"apples" of the Hesperides

Gavest thou the goodly wings unto the butterfly? or wings and feathers unto the moth?
Which leaveth her eggs in the earth, and warmeth them in dust,
And forgetteth that the foot may crush them, or that the wild beast may break them.
She is hardened against her young ones, as though they were not her's: her labour is in vain without fear;
Because God hath deprived her of wisdom, neither hath he imparted to her understanding


  1. His father was the creator god Khnum
  2. In the epics, he is conflated with Purusha
  3. A descendant of Angiras
  4. part crocodile, part Aquatic and part toad
  5. the Florentine Codex identifies Old God as an alternative epithet for Lord Fire. Old God is characteristically depicted as an aged or even decrepit being, whereas Lord Fire's appearance is much more youthful and vigorous
  6. The king of Mictlan (Chicunauhmictlan), the lowest and northernmost section of the underworld. Depicted as a blood-spattered skeleton. His wife was Mictecacihuatl. Mictlantecuhtli and his wife were the opposites and compliments of Ometecuhtli and Omecihuatl, the givers of life. After Quetzalcoatl and Tezcatlipoca created the world, they put their creation in order and placed Mictlantecuhtli and his wife in the underworld. The twin gods Feathered Serpent and Dog-man were sent by the other gods to steal the bones of the previous generation of gods from Mictlantecuhtli. The god of the underworld sought to block Quetzalcoatl's escape with the bones and, although he failed, he forced Quetzalcoatl to drop the bones, which were scattered and broken by the fall. The shattered bones were collected by Quetzalcoatl and carried back to the land of the living, where the gods transformed them into the various races of mortals.
  7. mother and father of the Gods
    the personification of life after death and is sometimes considered to be the same as Old God. His wife was Jade Skirt. Lord Fire was considered to be mother and father of the Gods, who dwelled in the turquoise enclosure in the center of earth. The nahual, or spirit form, of Lord Fire is Fire Serpent. Xiuhtecuhtli is sometimes considered to be a manifestation of Ometecuhtli, the Lord of Duality
  8. By Serpent woman the Father of cloud serpent
  9. Also called Maiden. Her twin was Flower Prince and her husband was Tlaloc, until Smoke&Mirrors kidnapped her and she was forced to marry him. At one point, she was also married to Maize God and Lord Fire. By cloud serpent, she was the mother of Feathered Serpent
  10. Coxcox and his wife, Radiant Flower, survived the flood. They had many children, but all of them were dumb. The great spirit took pity on them, and sent a dove, which attempted to teach the children how to speak. Ancient Aztec paintings often depict the dove carrying a hieroglyphic symbol representing the languages of the world
  11. His wife was the human girl Mayahuel
  12. Titlacauan ("We are his Slaves"), Ipalnemoani ("He by whom we live"), Necoc Yaotl ("Enemy of Both Sides"), Tloque Nahuaque ("Lord of the Near and the Nigh") and Yohualli Èecatl ("Night, Wind"), Ome acatl ("Two Reed"), Ilhuicahua Tlalticpaque ("Possessor of the Sky and Earth"). Smoke&Mirrors was often described as a rival of another important god of the Aztecs, the culture hero, Feathered Serpent. Feathered Serpent and Smoke&Mirrors joined forces to create the world. Before their act there was only the sea and the crocodilian earthmonster called Cipactli. To attract her, Tezcatlipoca used his foot as bait, and Cipactli ate it. The two gods then captured her, and distorted her to make the land from her body. After that, they created the people, and people had to offer sacrifices to comfort Cipactli for her sufferings.
  13. Depicted as a jaguar leaping towards the sun. He may be the same as Lord of Mictlan, Earth Lord, Teoyaomicqui and Smoke&Mirrors.
  14. founded by Iasion
  15. Castor and Pollux
  16. Danube
  17. "Atlantis" means the daughter of Atlas. See entry Ατλαντίς in Liddell & Scott. See also Hesiod, Theogony, 938.
  18. bore a daughter to Enki called Ninsar
    she completed the birth of mankind after the heads had been uncovered by Enki's hoe
    acts as a midwife whilst the mother goddess Nammu makes different kinds of human individuals from lumps of clay
  19. Also known as Belet-ili, or Nintu. Alternative forms of her name include Mama and Mammitum.
  20. regarded as the Assyrian equivalent of Enlil
  21. She [Auðem-bla] licked the ice-blocks, which were salty; and
    the first day that she licked the blocks, there came forth from the blocks in the evening a man's hair;
    the second day, a man's head;
    the third day the whole man was there
  22. (Wōdanaz, Wōden)
    duna - noise (thunderous noise)
    tungl - moon
    Glói - Gloi, Glow
  23. the charioteer of Surya the sun god
  24. It is recorded in Shu Jing (Book of History) compiled by Confucius that Emperor Shun sacrificed to Shang-Di:
    Of old in the beginning, there was the great chaos, without form and dark. The five elements [planets] had not begun to revolve, nor the sun and moon to shine. You, O Spiritual Sovereign first divided the grosser parts from the purer. You made heaven. You made earth. You made man. All things with their reproducing power got their being (Legge, 1852, p. 28)
  25. Sima Qian mentions that the rulers directly preceding the Yellow Emperor were of the house (or societal group) of Shennong
  26. 4 Bacabs/Chaacs
  27. a goddess who created the stars along with her husband, Citlalatonac. This pair of gods are sometimes associated with the first pair of humans, Nata and Nena.
  28. Generally identified with Mountain at the heart
  29. son of virgin Serpent skirt and twin brother of Dog-man
  30. the god of the planet Venus, the morning star and was associated with Quetzalcoatl
  31. The twin of Quetzalcoatl, the pair being sons of the virgin Serpent skirt, and was the dark personification of Venus, the evening star. He guarded the sun when it went through the underworld at night. He also assisted Feathered Serpent in bringing humankind and fire from the underworld. In art, Dog-man was depicted as a skeleton, a dog-headed man or a monster animal with reversed feet. He was also the patron of the Mesoamerican ballgame . He is identified with Citrus as being the Aztec god of fire
  32. Goddess of love, beauty, youth, lakes, rivers, seas, streams, horizontal waters, storms, and baptism. Wife of Tlaloc. Mother of old moon god
    She was also said to be the wife of Lord Fire, also called old god, an Aztec moon god
  33. Ixtlilxochitl, the native historian, says the first world lasted 1716 years before the flood. The Aztecs tell of the prophet Huemac or Quetzalcoatl who taught ethics, warning of the coming destruction, and died at 300. Nata and Nena survived the flood in a ship which they built at the command of the god Tezcatlipoca. The date of the flood was the year Cacalli.
  34. "he who comes from the land of the sea-slug shell". Portrayed as an old man who carries a large white seashell on his back
  35. The Aztec goddess who gave birth to the moon, stars, and Old Tzil's Young One, the god of the sun and war. She is also known as Grandmother and Serpent Lady the patron of women who die in childbirth. She was sacrificed during the beginning of the present creation. She was once magically impregnated by a ball of feathers that fell on her while she was sweeping a temple, and subsequently gave birth to the gods Feathered Serpent and Dog-man. Her daughter Face painted with Bells then rallied Serpent Skirt's four hundred other children together and goaded them into attacking and decapitating their mother. The instant she was killed, the god Old Tzil's Young One suddenly emerged from her womb fully grown and armed for battle. He killed many of his brothers and sisters, including Face painted with Bells, whose head he cut off and threw into the sky to become the moon. In one variation on this legend, Old Tzil's Young One himself is the child conceived in the ball-of-feathers incident and is born just in time to save his mother from harm
  36. a deity associated with stars. They were depicted as skeletal female figures wearing skirts often with skull and crossbone. The leader of the tzitzimimeh was the Goddess Obsidian or clawed butterfly (bat?) who was the ruler of Tamoanchan - the paradise where the Tzitzimimeh resided
  37. A fearsome skeletal warrior goddess who ruled over the paradise world of Tamoanchan, the paradise of victims of infant mortality and place identified where humans were created. She is the mother of cloud serpent. She was considered one of the cihuateteo and also one of the Star demons that threatened to devour people during solar eclipses
  38. cloud serpent was one of four children of Lord Sustenance and Serpent woman, a fertility goddess and the patroness of midwives. He married Serpent skirt. Fathered Old Tzil's Young One & evidently Feathered Serpent
  39. The first human couple. They bore a son named Young Prince who married Radiant Flower
  40. son of Enlil and Ninlil
    His wife was Ningal ("Great Lady"), who bore him Utu/Shamash ("Sun") and Inanna/Ishtar
  41. Ishtar refers to Ereshkigal as her older sister
  42. He was the son of Enlil and Ninlil or, in alternative traditions, of Ereshkigal and Gugalana, and was the father of Ningiszida. In some texts the god Ninazu is the son of Nergal and Allatu/Ereshkigal
  43. Utu is the son of the moon god Nanna and the goddess Ningal
  44. one of the consorts of the sky god Anu. mother of the goddess Ninsun and a grandmother of the hero Gilgamesh.
  45. Ningishzida is sometimes the son of Ninazu and Ningiridda
    In some texts Ningishzida is said to be female,[6] which means "Nin" would then refer to Lady, which is mostly how the word is used by the Sumerians.
    He or she was one of the ancestors of Gilgamesh
  46. consort of Marduk
  47. son of Ea
  48. son of Marduk and Sarpanitum
  49. married to the goddess Nikkal
  50. In Ugarit, Resheph was identified with Nergal
  51. daughter of El and Asherah
  52. son of Dagon
  53. youngest of the elder children of Ivaldi
  54. Cronus
  55. Zeus was raised in a cave and nursed by bees
  56. Ku's lineage is derived from descent from the legendary Yellow Emperor, then through the line of Shaohao (as opposed to the line through Changyi, which led to Zhuanxu).[2] He was the son of Jiăo Jí (蟜極/蟜极), and thus grandson to Shaohao, and great-grandson to Yellow Emperor
  57. Warriors were transformed into hummingbirds upon death and went to join Huitzilopochtli
  58. mother of Centeotl by Young Prince
    Under the designation of Ixcuinan she was thought to be plural in number and four sisters of different ages by the names; Tiacapan (the first born), Teicu (the younger sister), Tlaco (the middle sister) and Xocotzin (the youngest sister). Her son was Centeotl and she was also known as Grandmother
    Another son was Yum-Kax, the Maya maize god
  59. The youthful sun. May have been another name for Sun Movement. Son of Oxomoco and Cipactonal. Husband of Radiant Flower. Father of Maize God by Purification Goddess
  60. The fifth sun. He was sick, but rejuvenated himself by burning himself alive and then became the warrior sun and wandered through the heavens with the souls of those who died in battle, refusing to move if not offered enough sacrifices. Leader of Tollan, heaven.
  61. The female counterpart of Maize God. She is occasionally called hairy one who was married also to Smoke&Mirrors.
  62. A son of a year is Saul in his reigning, yea, two years he hath reigned over Israel

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