Laozi (also Lao-Tzu, Lao-Tsu, or Lao-tze) was a philosopher and poet of ancient China. He is best known as the reputed author of the Tao Te Ching and the founder of philosophical Taoism, but he is also revered as a deity in religious Taoism and traditional Chinese religions. Although a legendary figure, he is usually dated to around the 6th century BC and reckoned a contemporary of Confucius
- Laozi is regarded to be a manifestation of Daode Tianzun. Daode Tianzun (道德天尊) is the official title for Tàiqīng (太清): the Grand Pure One, which is one of the Three Pure Ones.
- The third story in Sima Qian states that Laozi grew weary of the moral decay of life in Chengzhou and noted the kingdom's decline. He ventured west to live as a hermit in the unsettled frontier at the age of 160. In others, the "Old Master" journeyed all the way to India and was the teacher of Siddartha Gautama, the Buddha. Others claim he was the Buddha himself.
Each stripe in the table below is 30 years.
- ↑ Generally identified with Mountain at the heart
- ↑ In one legend he had one son, Inti, and two daughters, Mama Quilla and Pachamama
- ↑ she mothered Inti and Mama Quilla with Viracocha
- ↑ Consort:
- Pacha Kamaq
- Mama Killa
- ↑ Kāne-milo-hai is the brother of Kamohoali i, Pele, Kapo, Nāmaka, Hiʻiaka and Kapo (mythology)(among others) by Haumea.
- ↑ The king of Mictlan (Chicunauhmictlan), the lowest and northernmost section of the underworld. Depicted as a blood-spattered skeleton. His wife was Mictecacihuatl. Mictlantecuhtli and his wife were the opposites and compliments of Ometecuhtli and Omecihuatl, the givers of life. After Quetzalcoatl and Tezcatlipoca created the world, they put their creation in order and placed Mictlantecuhtli and his wife in the underworld. The twin gods Feathered Serpent and Dog-man were sent by the other gods to steal the bones of the previous generation of gods from Mictlantecuhtli. The god of the underworld sought to block Quetzalcoatl's escape with the bones and, although he failed, he forced Quetzalcoatl to drop the bones, which were scattered and broken by the fall. The shattered bones were collected by Quetzalcoatl and carried back to the land of the living, where the gods transformed them into the various races of mortals.
- ↑ By Serpent woman the Father of cloud serpent
- ↑ part crocodile, part Aquatic and part toad
- ↑ a mountain god. In the Cholan languages, jacawitz means "first mountain.", but in mayan mayan means "fire mountain". Jacawitz was one of a triad of K'iche' deities, the other two being Tohil and the goddess Awilix, all three were sometimes collectively referred to as Tohil. One of the first people received Jacawitz as their lord.
- ↑ the god of death and lord of the Incan underworld
- ↑ wife of Earth maker or Inti
- ↑ the Florentine Codex identifies Old God as an alternative epithet for Lord Fire. Old God is characteristically depicted as an aged or even decrepit being, whereas Lord Fire's appearance is much more youthful and vigorous
- ↑ mother and father of the Gods
the personification of life after death and is sometimes considered to be the same as Old God. His wife was Old Jade (Serpent). Lord Fire was considered to be mother and father of the Gods, who dwelled in the turquoise enclosure in the center of earth. The nahual, or spirit form, of Lord Fire is Fire Serpent. Xiuhtecuhtli is sometimes considered to be a manifestation of Ometecuhtli, the Lord of Duality
- ↑ Titlacauan ("We are his Slaves"), Ipalnemoani ("He by whom we live"), Necoc Yaotl ("Enemy of Both Sides"), Tloque Nahuaque ("Lord of the Near and the Nigh") and Yohualli Èecatl ("Night, Wind"), Ome acatl ("Two Reed"), Ilhuicahua Tlalticpaque ("Possessor of the Sky and Earth"). Smoke&Mirrors was often described as a rival of another important god of the Aztecs, the culture hero, Feathered Serpent. Feathered Serpent and Smoke&Mirrors joined forces to create the world. Before their act there was only the sea and the crocodilian earthmonster called Cipactli. To attract her, Tezcatlipoca used his foot as bait, and Cipactli ate it. The two gods then captured her, and distorted her to make the land from her body. After that, they created the people, and people had to offer sacrifices to comfort Cipactli for her sufferings.
- ↑ daughter of Viracocha and Mama Cocha, as well as wife and sister of Inti
mother of Manco Capac, Earth maker, Kon and Mama Ocllo
- ↑ the god of rain and wind that came from the south. He was a son of Inti (the sun god) and Mama Quilla ("mother moon")
- ↑ fertility goddess depicted with multiple breasts
- ↑ Áłtsé Hastiin
- ↑ Áłtsé Asdzą́ą́
- ↑ Mąʼiitoʼí Áłchíní
- ↑ Áłtsé Hashké
- ↑ Cite error: Invalid
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- ↑ It is recorded in Shu Jing (Book of History) compiled by Confucius that Emperor Shun sacrificed to Shang-Di:
- Of old in the beginning, there was the great chaos, without form and dark. The five elements [planets] had not begun to revolve, nor the sun and moon to shine. You, O Spiritual Sovereign first divided the grosser parts from the purer. You made heaven. You made earth. You made man. All things with their reproducing power got their being (Legge, 1852, p. 28)
- ↑ There is the legend of the Four shi (四氏), who took part in creating the world. The four members are Youchao, Suiren, Fu Xi and Shennong
- ↑ Apart from legends, Shaohao is generally considered as the son of the Yellow Emperor Huang Di
- ↑ Zhuanxu was the grandson of the Yellow Emperor and his wife Leizu by way of his father Changyi
- ↑ Ku's lineage is derived from descent from the legendary Yellow Emperor, then through the line of Shaohao (as opposed to the line through Changyi, which led to Zhuanxu).
He was the son of Qiaoji (蟜極/蟜极), and thus grandson to Shaohao, and great-grandson to Yellow Emperor
- ↑ second son to Emperor Ku and Qingdu
- ↑ Shun received the mantle of leadership from Emperor Yao at the age of 53, and then died at the age of 100 years. Before his death Shun is recorded as relinquishing his seat of power to Yu
- ↑ daughter of the Yellow Emperor
- ↑ 4 Bacabs/Chaacs
- ↑ Also called Maiden. Her twin was Flower Prince and her husband was Tlaloc, until Smoke&Mirrors kidnapped her and she was forced to marry him. At one point, she was also married to Maize God and Lord Fire. By cloud serpent, she was the mother of Feathered Serpent
- ↑ His wife was the human girl Mayahuel
- ↑ twin brother of Dog-man
- ↑ The twin of Quetzalcoatl, the pair being sons of the virgin Old Serpent, and was the dark personification of Venus, the evening star. He guarded the sun when it went through the underworld at night. He also assisted Feathered Serpent in bringing humankind and fire from the underworld. In art, Dog-man was depicted as a skeleton, a dog-headed man or a monster animal with reversed feet. He was also the patron of the Mesoamerican ballgame . He is identified with Citrus as being the Aztec god of fire
- ↑ Goddess of love, beauty, youth, lakes, rivers, seas, streams, horizontal waters, storms, and baptism. Wife of Tlaloc. Mother of old moon god
She was also said to be the wife of Lord Fire, also called old god, an Aztec moon god
- ↑ cloud serpent was one of four children of Lord Sustenance and Serpent woman, a fertility goddess and the patroness of midwives.
He married Old Serpent. Fathered Old Zillah's Rabbit & evidently Feathered Serpent
- ↑ The Aztec goddess who gave birth to the moon, stars, and Old Zillah's Rabbit, the god of the sun and war. She is also known as Grandmother and Serpent Lady the patron of women who die in childbirth. She was sacrificed during the beginning of the present creation. She was once magically impregnated by a ball of feathers that fell on her while she was sweeping a temple, and subsequently gave birth to the gods Feathered Serpent and Dog-man. Her daughter Face painted with Bells then rallied Old Serpent's four hundred other children together and goaded them into attacking and decapitating their mother. The instant she was killed, the god Old Zillah's Rabbit suddenly emerged from her womb fully grown and armed for battle. He killed many of his brothers and sisters, including Face painted with Bells, whose head he cut off and threw into the sky to become the moon. In one variation on this legend, Old Zillah's Rabbit himself is the child conceived in the ball-of-feathers incident and is born just in time to save his mother from harm
- ↑ Warriors were transformed into hummingbirds upon death and went to join Huitzilopochtli
- ↑ a goddess who created the stars along with her husband, Citlalatonac. This pair of gods are sometimes associated with the first pair of humans, Nata and Nena.
- ↑ a deity associated with stars. They were depicted as skeletal female figures wearing skirts often with skull and crossbone. The leader of the tzitzimimeh was the Goddess Obsidian or clawed butterfly (bat?) who was the ruler of Tamoanchan - the paradise where the Tzitzimimeh resided
- ↑ A fearsome skeletal warrior goddess who ruled over the paradise world of Tamoanchan, the paradise of victims of infant mortality and place identified where humans were created. She is the mother of cloud serpent. She was considered one of the cihuateteo and also one of the Star demons that threatened to devour people during solar eclipses
- ↑ the god of the planet Venus, the morning star and was associated with Quetzalcoatl
- ↑ "he who comes from the land of the sea-slug shell". Portrayed as an old man who carries a large white seashell on his back
- ↑ Depicted as a jaguar leaping towards the sun. He may be the same as Lord of Mictlan, Earth Lord, Teoyaomicqui and Smoke&Mirrors.
- ↑ Coxcox and his wife, Radiant Flower, survived the flood. They had many children, but all of them were dumb. The great spirit took pity on them, and sent a dove, which attempted to teach the children how to speak. Ancient Aztec paintings often depict the dove carrying a hieroglyphic symbol representing the languages of the world
- ↑ Ixtlilxochitl, the native historian, says the first world lasted 1716 years before the flood. The Aztecs tell of the prophet Huemac or Quetzalcoatl who taught ethics, warning of the coming destruction, and died at 300. Nata and Nena survived the flood in a ship which they built at the command of the god Tezcatlipoca. The date of the flood was the year Cacalli.
- ↑ part crocodile, part Aquatic and part toad
- ↑ The youthful sun. May have been another name for Sun Movement. Son of Oxomoco and Cipactonal. Husband of Radiant Flower. Father of Maize God by Purification Goddess
- ↑ The fifth sun. He was sick, but rejuvenated himself by burning himself alive and then became the warrior sun and wandered through the heavens with the souls of those who died in battle, refusing to move if not offered enough sacrifices. Leader of Tollan, heaven.
- ↑ mother of Centeotl by Young Prince
Under the designation of Ixcuinan she was thought to be plural in number and four sisters of different ages by the names; Tiacapan (the first born), Teicu (the younger sister), Tlaco (the middle sister) and Xocotzin (the youngest sister). Her son was Centeotl and she was also known as Grandmother
Another son was Yum-Kax, the Maya maize god
- ↑ The female counterpart of Maize God. She is occasionally called hairy one who was married also to Smoke&Mirrors.
- ↑ Awilix was a Moon goddess. Awilix was one of the three principal deities of the K'iche', together with Tohil and Jacawitz. Awilix might mean "swallow" (the bird)
- ↑ he was a son of Inti and Mama Quilla, and husband of Pachamama
- ↑ Manco Cápac (Ayar Manco) was the son of Viracocha. He and his brothers
- (Ayar Auca, Ayar Cachi and Ayar Uchu)
- (Mama Ocllo, Mama Huaco, Mama Raua and Mama Ipacura)
- ↑ Huallallo Carhuincho
volcanoe god defeated by Pariacaca. Huallallo Carhuincho turned loose the amaru, a huge two-headed Serpent, but Paria Caca stabbed furiously with his golden staff and the animal froze, transforming into stone
- ↑ god of metals, jewels and other underground items of great value. A chimera of serpent and deer
- ↑ pre-Inca god of water, rain and storms, as well as a god of creation. born a falcon but later became human
- ↑ 2 headed serpent
- ↑ was a virgin goddess who ate a fruit, which was actually the sperm of Coniraya
- ↑ she was a daughter of Inti and Mama Quilla
- ↑ god of the hearth (plenty?) and wealth
- ↑ The male sun was opposed and complemented by the female moon, while the male zigzagging lightning was opposed by the female ccoa cat, which had streaming hail from its eyes. an active and angry spirit that is greatly feared, not only for the destruction to crops, but also as the cause of solar and lunar eclipses