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Asteria

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In Greek mythology, Asteria (Greek: αστερία, "of the stars, starry one") was a name attributed to the following eight individuals:

Daughter of Coeus

Asteria was the daughter of the Titans Coeus and Phoebe and sister of Leto.[1] According to Hesiod, by Perses she had a daughter Hecate. The Titan goddess of prophetic dreams, astrology and necromancy, Asteria flung herself into the Aegean Sea in the form of a quail in order to escape the advances of Zeus. She became the "quail island" of Ortygia,[2]. which became identified with Delos, which was the only piece of earth to give refuge to the fugitive Leto when, pregnant with Zeus's children, she was pursued by vengeful Hera.[3]

According to a lost poem of Eudoxus of Cnidus (c. 355 BCE)[4] by Zeus she became the mother of the Heracles in the form in which Hellenes thought they recognized him (by interpretatio graeca) as he was worshipped among Phoenicians at Tyre.

Amazon

Asteria was the ninth Amazon killed by Heracles when he came for Hippolyta's girdle.[5]

Heliad

Asteria or Astris was a daughter of Helios and Clymene or Ceto, one of the Heliades. She married the river god Hydaspes (the modern Jhelum River) and became mother of Deriades, king in India.

Danaid

Asteria was one of the Danaids, daughters of Danaus who, with one exception, murdered their husbands on their weddings nights. She was, briefly, the bride of Chaetus.[6]

Alkyonides

Asteria was one of the Alkyonides. Along with her sisters, she flung herself into the sea and was transformed into a kingfisher[7].

Consort of Phocus

Asteria[8] or Asterodia[9] was the mother of Crisus and Panopaeus by Phocus.

Consort of Bellerophon

Asteria, daughter of Hydeus, was the mother of Hydissos by Bellerophon. Her son is known for having founded a city in Caria which was named after him[10].

Daughter of Coronus

Asteria, daughter of Coronus, and Apollo were possible parents of the seer Idmon.[11]

References

  1. Hesiod, Theogony, 404ff.
  2. John Tzetzes.
  3. Theoi Project - Titanis Asteria
  4. Athenaeus (392d) summarizes the lost poetical narrative of Eudoxus, telling how Heracles the son of Zeus by Asteria was killed by Typhon in Libya.
  5. Diodorus Siculus, Library of History, 4. 16.3 (on-line text)
  6. Apollodorus, Bibliotheca, 2. 1. 5
  7. Suda s. v. Alkyonides
  8. Tzetzes on Lycophron, 53
  9. Tzetzes on Lycophron, 939
  10. Stephanus of Byzantium, s. v. Hydissos
  11. Scholia on Apollonius Rhodius, Argonautica, 1. 139, citing Pherecydes of Leros

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This page uses content from the English Wikipedia. The original article was at Asteria. The list of authors can be seen in the page history.

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