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Ashkenaz

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In the Bible, Ashkenaz is Gomer's first son, brother of Riphath, and Togarmah (Gen. 10:3, 1 Chronicles 1:6).

In Rabbinical texts he is believed to be the ancestor of the Germanic, Scandinavian and Slavic peoples, because of the similarity of the names Gomer and German, and the similarity of Ashkenaz to the name of the mythological founder of the Germans and Scandinavians Aschanes or Askanius (German) and Ask (Scandinavian). For this reason, Ashkenaz is the Medieval Hebrew name for Germany.

Ashkenazi Jews, also known as Ashkenazic Jews or Ashkenazim (Standard Hebrew: sing. אַשְׁכֲּנָזִי, pronounced [ˌaʃkəˈnazi], pl. אַשְׁכֲּנָזִים [ˌaʃkəˈnazim], not with the [ts] of Tzar; also יְהוּדֵי אַשְׁכֲּנָז Yehudei Ashkenaz, "the Jews of Ashkenaz"), are descended from the medieval Jewish communities of the Rhineland.

Ashkenaz is also regarded as the father of the Scythians, Sarmatians, and other Aryans, due largely to the use of the name "Ashkuz" for the Scythians in Assyrian inscriptions.

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This page uses content from the English Wikipedia. The original article was at Ashkenaz. The list of authors can be seen in the page history.

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