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Argus (king of Argos)

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In Greek mythology, Argus (Ancient Greek: "Ἄργος, Argos) was the king and eponym of Argos. He was a son of Zeus and Niobe, the daughter of Phoroneus, and possibly the brother of Pelasgus.[1] Argus succeeded to his maternal grandfather's power over Peloponnese, naming the kingdom after himself.[2] A scholiast on Homer calls Argus son and successor of Apis.[3]

Argus married either Evadne, the daughter of Strymon and Neaera, or Peitho the Oceanid, and had by her six sons: Criasus, Ecbasus, Iasus, Peiranthus (or Peiras, Peirasus, Peiren), Epidaurus and Tiryns.[4] According to Pausanias, Argus' yet another son was the Argive Phorbas (elsewhere his grandson through Criasus).[2]

The tomb of Argus in Argos was shown as late as the times of Pausanias,[5] who also made mention of a grove sacred to Argus in Lacedaemon where some from the Argive army took refuge after being defeated by Cleomenes I, and were subsequently burned to death therein.[6]

Notes

  1. Pseudo-Apollodorus, Bibliotheca 2.1.1. This apparently matches his biography in the Hesiodic Catalogue of Women; cf. West (1985, p. 76).
  2. 2.0 2.1 Pausanias, Description of Greece, 2. 16. 1
  3. Scholia on Iliad, 1. 115
  4. Pseudo-Apollodorus, Bibliotheca, 2. 1. 2; Hyginus, Fabulae, 145; Pausanias, Description of Greece, 2. 25. 8 (for Tiryns); scholia on Euripides, Phoenician Women, 1116, on Orestes, 932
  5. Pausanias, Description of Greece, 2. 22. 5
  6. Pausanias, Description of Greece, 3. 4. 1.

Bibliography

  • Pseudo-Apollodorus, Apollodorus, The Library, with an English Translation by Sir James George Frazer, F.B.A., F.R.S. in 2 Volumes. Cambridge, MA, Harvard University Press; London, William Heinemann Ltd. 1921.
  • West, M.L. (1985), The Hesiodic Catalogue of Women: Its Nature, Structure, and Origins, Oxford, ISBN 0198140347 .
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