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Arbeter Fraynd (meaning "Worker's Friend" in Yiddish), was a London-based weekly Yiddish radical paper founded in 1885 by socialist Morris Winchevsky. In 1898, Rudolf Rocker, a German non-Jewish anarchist who had immersed himself into the Yiddish radical culture of London's East End, became the editor of the paper.
During Christmas week in December, 1902 a conference of Jewish anarchists met in London and at the top of their agenda, alongside linking all the Jewish anarchist groups in the region into a Jewish Anarchist Federation, was the reopening of the Arbeter Fraynd. In 1903 the Arbeter Fraynd began republishing under the administration of the Arbeter Fraynd group and the editorship of Rudolf Rocker as the organ of the Federation of Yiddish-Speaking Anarchist Groups in Great Britain & Paris.
In 1914, after the outbreak of the First World War, the Arbeter Fraynd was suppressed by the British government. After the war and the Russian Revolution, London's Yiddish-speaking anarchist community never recovered. Many of its members later filtered into the Zionist, Labour or Communist movements. In 1918 Rocker was deported to the Netherlands.
- Saul Yanofsky
- ↑ As it was spelled in the Paris edition, which corresponds to the contemporary literary Yiddish and to the dialects of most Yiddish readers at that time. Originally, the title used to be spelled Arbeyter Fraynd (אַרְבֵּייטֶער פְרַיינְד), which seems to reflect the Galician and Polish Yiddish dialects.
- ↑ http://recollectionbooks.com/bleed/Encyclopedia/EdelstadtDavid.htm
- ↑ http://www.forward.com/issues/2002/02.08.16/lookingback.html
|This page uses content from the English Wikipedia. The original article was at Arbeter Fraynd. The list of authors can be seen in the page history.|