According to the Israel Central Bureau of Statistics (CBS), the population of Ar'arat an-Naqab was 12,500 in December 2006. Its jurisdiction is 14,052 dunams. Ar'arat an-Naqab was founded in 1982 as part of a government project to settle Bedouins in permanent settlements.
Until 2009, Ar'arat an-Naqab's sewage either went through an old purification facility, or into one of several pools that were created in the 1980s and currently pose an environmental hazard. As a result of the construction and expansion of the Nevatim Airbase, the Israel Air Force invested in the purification facility, making it modern and sufficient for the needs of the village as well as the airbase.