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The Apostle Zacchaeus was a rich publican at Jericho. Since he was short of stature, he climbed a sycamore tree in order to see the Savior passing by. After the Ascension of the Lord, St. Zacchaeus accompanied St. Peter on his travels. Tradition says he followed St. Peter to Caesarea, where Peter appointed him the Bishop of Caesarea in Palestine. He died in peace.
Sunday of ZacchaeusThe Church also remembers Zacchaeus on the Sunday of Zacchaeus, when Luke 19:1-10 is read, describing his encounter with Christ.
In the Slavic lectionary, the Sunday of Zacchaeus is also the Sunday before the Triodion begins (though in the Byzantine lectionary, it may occur earlier). It is read at this point in the liturgical year, immediately before Great Lent, to teach that one should turn away from sins.
In this way the Lenten journey should begin with a recognition of sinfulness, just as Zacchaeus recognized his sins. He promised to make restitution by giving half of his wealth to the poor and by paying to those he had falsely accused four times as much as they had lost. In this, he went beyond the requirements of the Law (Ex. 22:3-12).