Angel's attributes

  • The Creation of the Angels
  • The Wings of the Angels
  • The magnitude of the Angels
  • The Beauty of the Angels
  • The Number of the Angels

Named Angels


Jibril is the most famous angel. He is one the leaders of the angels along with Mika'il and Israfil. Jibril is entrusted with the revelations by which hearts and souls are brought to life.


Mika'il is entrusted with the plants and the rain. It is narrated by Ibn Abbas in at-Tabarani that the prophet Muhammed Sawssaid to Jibril. "What is Mika'il in charge of?". He replied "The plants and the rain".


Israfil is entrusted with blowing The Trumpet on The Day of Judgement

Munka and Nakir

Munka and Nakir are entrusted with the trial of the grave. The Prophet said, "When a human being is laid in his grave and his companions return and he even hears their foot steps, two angels come to him and make him sit and ask him: What did you use to say about this man, Muhammad? He will say: I testify that he is Allah's slave and His Apostle Saws. Then it will be said to him, 'Look at your place in the Hell-Fire. Allah has given you a place in Paradise instead of it.' "[1] The Prophet added, "The dead person will see both his places. But a non-believer or a hypocrite will say to the angels, 'I do not know, but I used to say what the people used to say! It will be said to him, 'Neither did you know nor did you take the guidance (by reciting the Quran).' Then he will be hit with an iron hammer between his two ears, and he will cry and that cry will be heard by whatever approaches him except human beings and jinns."

the Angel of Death

He is know by some as Azra'il and is entrusted with the taking of the souls. However his correct name is Malik ul-Maut Say: "The Angel of Death, put in charge of you, will (duly) take your souls: then shall ye be brought back to your Lord." The appearance of the angel of death will depend upon the actions of those they visit. If the person was good Azra'il will appear kind and good. If the person was bad Azra'il will appear evil and ugly[2]

The Guardian Angels

It is the same (to Him) whether any of you conceal his speech or declare it openly; whether he lie hid by night or walk forth freely by day. For each (such person) there are (angels) in succession, before and behind him: They guard him by command of Allah. Verily never will Allah change the condition of a people until they change it themselves (with their own souls). But when (once) Allah willeth a people's punishment, there can be no turning it back, nor will they find, besides Him, any to protect. [3]

The Recording Angels

One of the other roles of Angels is to record the good and bad deeds of a person. Each person has two angels, one on the left shoulder and one on the right shoulder. The One on the right records the good actions, and the one on the left records the evil actions
  • QAF 50:17-18 "Behold, two (guardian angels) appointed to learn (his doings) learn (and noted them), one sitting on the right and one on the left. Not a word does he utter but there is a sentinel by him, ready (to note it)."
  • AL-INFITAR 82:10-11 "But verily over you (are appointed angels) to protect you, Kind and honourable, Writing down (your deeds)"
  • Sufyan was asked "How do the angels know that a person intends a good or evil action?" He replied, "When someon intends a good action, they smell the scent of musk coming from him, and when he intends an evil action, they smell a putrid smell coming from him.
  • Al-Bukhari transmitted with his isnad from Abu Hurayra that the messenger of Allah Saws said
"Allah, the mighty and majestic, has said, 'when my slave wants to do an evil action, you should not write it down until he does it. If he does it, then write down the equivalent of it. If he does not do it for My sake, then write it down as a good action for him. If he wants to do a good action and does not do it, then write it down as a good action. If he does do it, then write down ten to seven hundred of its like".

Ibn Hajar said in al-Fath. "This hadith indicates that the angel is aware of what is in the heart of the human being, either by Allah acquainting him with it or by creating for him knolwedge by which he perceives it."

The Custodians of Jennah and Jehenem

The overseeing angel Jennah is called Ridwan and the overseeing angel of Jahannam is called Malik AZ-ZUKHRUF 43:77 "They will cry: "O Malik! would that thy Lord put an end to us!" He will say, "Nay, but ye shall abide!""
  • AZ-ZUMAR "The Unbelievers will be led to Hell in crowd: until, when they arrive, there, its gates will be opened. And its keepers(custodians) will say, "Did not apostles come to you from among yourselves, rehearsing to you the Signs of your Lord, and warning you of the Meeting of This Day of yours?" The answer will be: "True: but the Decree of Punishment has been proved true against the Unbelievers!"

Angels entrusted with the sperm in the womb

Al-Bukhari and Muslim transmitted from Anas bin Malik that he said that the messenger of Allah Saws said.

"Allah has put an angel in charge of the womb. He says 'O Lord, a drop? O Lord, a clot? O lLord, a morsel?' When Allah desires to complete the creation of the foetus, he says 'O Lord, male or female? Wretched or happy? How much provision?How long a lifespan?' and he writes that for him in his mothers's womb."

The Bearers of the Throne

AL-HAAQQA 69:17 "And the angels will be on its sides, and eight will, that Day, bear the Throne of thy Lord above them."

The Karubiyyun

These are the chiefs of the angels who are borught near and are the closest angels to the Throne bearers.

The Angels of Dhikr

Another type of angel are the travellng angels who seek gatherings of dhikr.

"Allah has some angels who roam about the streets in search of people mentioning Allah's names. When they find such a gathering, they call one another saying: Come to the object of your pursuit. The Prophet Saws added: The angels surround them with their wings up to the lowest heaven (sky of the world). He further added: (When the people in the gathering disperse, the angels ascend to the heaven). Their Lord, who knows best about the people, asks them: What do my slaves say? The angels reply: They were glorifying You (by repeating the words "Allah is the All-Glorified), exalting You (by repeating the words "Allah is All-Great"), praising You (by repeating the words All praise be to Allah), and dignifying You. He asks them: Have they seen Me? The angels reply: No, By Allah. O Lord! They haven't seen You (at all). He asks: How would it be if they saw Me? The angels reply: If they saw You, they would worship You more devotedly, dignify You more fervently and exalt You more sincerely. Then Allah asks them: What do they ask Me? The angels reply: They ask You Paradise. He asks them: Have they seen it? The angels reply: No, By Allah, They have not seen it. He asks: How would it be, if they saw it? The angels reply: If they saw it, they would crave for it eagerly, seek after it vigorously and desire for it ardently. He asks: From what do they seek My protection? The angels reply: (They seek your protection) from the Hell-fire. He asks: Have they seen it? The angels reply: No, By Allah, O Lord! They haven't see it (at all). He asks: How would it be, if they saw it. The angels reply: If they saw it, they would fear it extremely and flee from it hastily. Then Allah says (to the angels): I make you witness that I have forgiven them. Allah's Messenger Saws added: One of the angels would say: O Lord! among them was so and so (a much sinning slave) who was not actually included in the gathering but he happened to came there for some need (and sat down with them.) Allah would remark: Anyhow, they were all sitting together, so their companion will not be reduced to misery (i.e. they were sitting together and glorifying Allah, so he who sits with them will not suffer but get forgiveness as a reward for his (association with the people remembering Allah).

(This Hadith is sound and related by Al-Bukhari and Muslim. "

The Different Forms angels take

Further Reading


  1. :Al-Bukhari Sahih Bukhari 002:023:422 Narrated Anas:
  2. AS-SAJDA 32:11
  3. AR-RAD 13:10-11

Sheik 'Abdu'l-Hamid Kishk The World of Angels ISBN 1-870582-00-6

Masjid Ubudiah WC
This page uses content from the Muslim Wiki. The original article was at Angels (Islamic point of View). The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with the Religion-wiki, the text of Muslim Wiki is available under the GNU Free Documentation License.

This page uses content from the English Wikipedia. The original article was at Angels (Islamic point of View). The list of authors can be seen in the page history.

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