|Saint Angela Merici|
|Virgin; Founder of the Order of Ursulines|
|Born||21 March 1474Desenzano del Garda, Province of Brescia, Lombardy, Italy,|
|Died||27 January 1540 (aged 65), Brescia, Lombardy, Italy|
|Venerated in||Roman Catholic Church|
|Beatified||April 30,1768, Rome by Pope Clement XIII|
|Canonized||May 24, 1807, Rome by Pope Pius VII|
|Major shrine||The Merician Centre (including the now subterranean Church of St Afra, Brescia, Lombardy, Italy|
|Feast||January 27; May 31 (General Roman Calendar, 1861-1955); June 1 (General Roman Calendar, 1955-1969)|
|Patronage||sickness, handicapped people, loss of parents|
Angela Merici was born at Desenzano del Garda, a small town on the southwestern shore of Lake Garda in Lombardy. She and her younger sister were left orphans when she was about ten years old. Together they came to live with their uncle in the town of Salo. Young Angela was very distressed when her sister suddenly died without receiving the last sacraments. She joined the Third Order of St Francis, and increased her prayers to God so her sister’s soul could rest in peace. Legend says that she was satisfied by a vision of her sister in the company of the saints in Heaven.
Angela's uncle died when she was twenty years old and she returned to her previous home in Desenzano. Angela believed that better Christian education was needed for young girls; she then dedicated her time teaching girls in her home, which she had converted into a school. She later allegedly had another vision that revealed to her that she was to found an association of virgins who were to devote their lives to the religious training of young girls. This was a success and she was invited to start another school in the neighboring city, Brescia. She happily accepted this offer.
According to legend, though not substantiated by any extant documentation, in 1524, while traveling to the Holy Land, St Angela Merici became suddenly blind when she was on the island of Crete. Despite this, St Angela continued her journey to the Holy Places and was ostensibly cured of sightlessness upon her return, while praying before a crucifix, at the same place where she was struck with blindness a few weeks before.In 1525, she came to Rome to gain the Indulgences of the Jubilee year. While doing this task, Pope Clement VII, who had heard of her virtue and success with her school, invited her to remain in Rome. St Angela disliked notoriety, and she soon returned to Brescia.
On November 25, 1535, St Angela chose twelve virgins and started the foundation of the "Company of St Ursula" near the Church of St Afra, in a small house in Brescia. On March 18, 1537, she was elected "Mother and Mistress" (Superior) of the order. Three years later, she died on January 27, 1540. Her body was clothed in the habit of a Franciscan tertiary and interred in the Church of St Afra, Brescia.
In life, Saint Angela Merici often prayed at the tombs of the Brescian martyrs at the Church of St Afra in Brescia. She lived in small rooms that were part of what was then known as the "Monastery of the Lateran Canons." According to her wishes, after her death, she was interred in the Church of St Afra to be near the martyrs remains. There her body remained until the complete destruction of this church and corresponding area due to Allied bombing during the Second World War, on March 2, 1945. This structure and corresponding buildings were afterwards rebuilt and became known as the "Merician Centre."
Saint Angela Merici was not included in the 1570 Tridentine Calendar of Pope Pius V, because she was not canonized until 1807. In 1861 her feast day was inserted in the Roman Calendar, but not on the day of her death, 27 January, since this date was occupied by the feast day of Saint John Chrysostom, but instead on 31 May. In 1955 Pope Pius XII assigned this date to the new feast of the Blessed Virgin Mary, Queen, and moved the feast of Saint Angela to 1 June. The celebration was ranked as a Double until 1960, when Pope John XXIII gave it the equivalent rank of Third-Class Feast. Finally, in 1969, Pope Paul VI moved the celebration, ranked as a Memorial, to the saint's day of death, 27 January.
- Catholic Encyclopedia: St. Angela Merici
- Founder Statue at St. Peter's Basilica
- Places in the life of St. Angela Merici
- St. Angela Merici
This article incorporates text from the entry St. Angela Merici in Catholic Encyclopedia of 1913, a publication now in the public domain.ca:Angela Mericigl:Ánxela Mericisw:Angela Merichi hu:Szent Angélapt:Angela Merici ro:Angela de Merici ru:Меричи, Анджела sk:Angela Merici sv:Angela Merici tl:Angela Merici vec:Angela Merici