Alfonso de Galarreta, SSPX (born January 14, 1957), is a bishop of the Society of Saint Pius X. He was declared excommunicated latae sententiae by the Roman Catholic Church because of his unauthorized consecration by Archbishop Marcel Lefebvre in 1988, deemed by the Holy See to be "unlawful" and "a schismatic act".[1] The excommunication of the four bishops was lifted by the Holy See in January 2009.[2]

Early life and ministry

Galarreta was born in 1957 at Torrelavega in Spain, but emigrated early in life with his family to Argentina. In 1975 he entered the seminary at La Plata, where he remained for three years. In October 1978 he entered the Society of St. Pius X's International Seminary of St. Pius X at Écône in Switzerland.

In August 1980 he was ordained a priest by archbishop Marcel Lefebvre in Buenos Aires. After ordination he served first as a professor at the SSPX seminary in La Reja, Argentina. From 1985 to 1988 he was superior of the SSPX district of South America.

SSPX Bishop

Following his episcopal consecration Galarreta was appointed rector of the seminary of La Reja. In 1991, he assisted in the consecration of Licínio Rangel as bishop for the Priestly society of saint John Mary Vianney after the death of its founder, bishop Antônio de Castro Mayer.

In 1994 he became superior of the Society of saint Pius X district of Spain and Portugal. In 2002 he became second assistant of the Society.

By a decree of 21 January 2009 (protocol number 126/2009), which was issued in response to a renewed request that Bishop Fellay made on behalf of all four bishops whom Lefebvre had consecrated on 30 June 1988, the prefect of the Congregation for bishops, by the power expressly granted to him by pope Benedict XVI, remitted the automatic excommunication that they had thereby incurred, and expressed the wish that this would be followed speedily by full communion of the whole of the Society of saint Pius X with the Church, thus bearing witness, by the proof of visible unity, to true loyalty and true recognition of the pope's magisterium and authority.

The canonical situation of the four bishops thus became the same as that of the other clergy of the Society, who are suspended a divinis.[3]

Dialogue with the Holy See

It was reported that bishop Galaretta had been named chairman of the SSPX commission in charge of the theological discussions with the Holy See. [4]

Episcopal Lineage
Consecrated by: Marcel Lefebvre
Date of consecration: June 30, 1988
Consecrator of
Bishop Date of consecration
Licinio Rangel July 28, 1991


  1. Apostolic letter Ecclesia Dei
  2. Remissione della scomunica latae sententiae ai vescovi della Fraternità sacerdotale San Pio X, 24.1.2009
  3. Letter of the Pontifical Commission Ecclesia Dei of 29 September 1995
  4. Bishop Alfonso de Galarreta chairman of the SSPX commission

External links

This page uses content from the English Wikipedia. The original article was at Alfonso de Galarreta. The list of authors can be seen in the page history.

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