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Al-Kadhimiya Mosque

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Al Kādhimiya Mosque
KadhimaynMosque.jpg

Shrine of Kādhimayn</br>"The two who swallow their anger"

Basic information
Location Iraq Baghdad, Iraq
Geographic coordinates 33°22′47.89″N 44°20′16.64″E / 33.3799694°N 44.3379556°E / 33.3799694; 44.3379556Coordinates: 33°22′47.89″N 44°20′16.64″E / 33.3799694°N 44.3379556°E / 33.3799694; 44.3379556
Affiliation Shia Islam

The Al-Kādhimiya Mosque is a shrine located in the Kādhimayn suburb of Baghdad, Iraq.

It contains the tombs of the seventh Twelver Shī‘ah Imām Mūsā al-Kādhim and the ninth Twelver Shī‘ah Imām Muhammad at-Taqī.

Also buried within this mosque are the famous historical scholars, Shaykh Mufīd and Shaykh Nasīr ad-Dīn Tūsi.

Directly adjacent to the mosque are two smaller shrines, belonging to the brothers who compiled Nahjul Balagha - Shaykh Radhi and Shaykh Murtadhā.

Repairs and Maintenance

Inner Structure

Repairs to the crumbling structure of the main courtyard of the mosque and its surrounding rooms were carried out in three phases, spanning a period of four months, before the end of the year 2007.[1] The project entailed the stripping off of the old crumbling walls throughout the courtyard, the addition of various reinforcements to the walls and ceilings, as well as maintenance on the electrical wirings throughout the mosque.[1] Once the inner structure was completed, the floors and walls were then plated in various kinds of marble.[1] Updates to the cooling units of the mosque began in late 2008[2], and new water filtration units were installed on November 28, 2008.[3]

Basmala Part of a series on Shī‘ah Islam
Twelvers

Almahdi

The Fourteen Infallibles

Muhammad · Fatimah · Ali · Hasan · Husayn · al-Sajjad · al-Baqir · al-Sadiq · al-Kadhim · al-Rida · al-Taqi · al-Naqi · al-Askari · al-Mahdi


The Twelve Imams
Ali · Hasan · Husayn
al-Sajjad · al-Baqir · al-Sadiq
al-Kadhim · al-Rida · al-Taqi
al-Naqi · al-Askari · al-Mahdi

Concepts

Fourteen Infallibles
Occultation (Minor · Major)
Akhbar · Usul · Ijtihad
Taqleed · 'Aql · Irfan
Mahdaviat

Principles

Monotheism
Judgement Day · Justice
Prophethood · Imamate

Practices

Prayer · Fasting · Pilgrimage
Charity · Taxes · Jihad
Command Justice · Forbid Evil
Love the family of Muhammad
Dissociate from their Enemies

Holy cities

Mecca · Medina · Jerusalem
Najaf · Karbala · Mashhad
Samarra · Kadhimayn

Groups

Usuli · Akhbari · Shaykhi
Nimatullahi · Safaviya
Qizilbash · Alevism · Alawism
Bektashi · Tabarie

Scholarship

Marja · Ayatollah · Allamah
Hojatoleslam · Mujtahid
List of marjas · List of Ayatollahs

Hadith collections

Peak of Eloquence · The Psalms of Islam · Book of Fundamentals · The Book in Scholar's Lieu · Civilization of Laws · The Certainty · Book of Sulaym ibn Qays · Oceans of Light · Wasael ush-Shia · Reality of Certainty · Keys of Paradise

</table> Construction work on the new ladies entrance to the mosque (Bāb al-Fatimah) began in late 2008[4], along with the construction work for new rooms to the mosque meant for serving refreshments to pilgrims.[5]

Outer Structure

Among the earliest of repairs done to the mosque after the fall of the regime of Saddam Hussein, were repairs done to one of the entrance gates of the mosque known as Bāb al-Qiblah.[6] The gate and the outer wall had to be entirely refurbished due to the severe neglect they had withstood, and took seven months to complete, having started in early September, 2006.[6]

The golden dome over the grave of Muhammad at-Taqī was re-gilded and unveiled to the public in March 2008, during the birthday celebrations of Muhammad and his descendant, Ja‘far as-Sādiq.[7] Repair work on the dome over the grave of Mūsā al-Kādhim began in early August 2008, during the birthday ceremonies of Husayn ibn ‘Alī, ‘Abbās ibn ‘Alī, and ‘Alī ibn Husayn.[8]

Timeline

Date Event
March 2, 2004 At least 75 people were killed and hundreds others were wounded as crowds had gathered to commemorate ‘Āshūrā'.[9] Concurrent explosions also occurred at the Imām Husayn Mosque in Karbalā.
August 31, 2005 This mosque was the destination of the crowd that was caught up in the Baghdad bridge stampede.
June 6, 2007 At least 7 people were killed after twin car bombings occurred near the mosque.[10]
June 27, 2007 A car bomb killed at least 14 people and injured 22 others.[11]
March 25, 2008 The freshly gilded dome over the grave of Muhammad at-Taqī was unveiled to the public, as crowds had gathered in celebration for the birthday of Muhammad as well as his descendant, Ja‘far as-Sādiq.[7]
December 27, 2008 A car bomb killed at least 24 people and wounded 46 others, many of them Shiite pilgrims. The explosion occurred about 100 yards from Bab al-Dirwaza, one of the main gates to the shrine.[12]
January 4, 2009 A male suicide bomber dressed as a woman[13], killed 38 and injured 72 Shia pilgrims as they were preparing for ‘Āshūrā'.[14][15]
April 8, 2009 7 people were killed and 23 others were wounded after a bomb that was left in a plastic bag near the mosque detonated.[13][16][17]
April 24, 2009 Two female suicide bombers killed at least 66 people and wounded 125 others as people were heading towards the mosque for Friday prayers.[13][18]

Image gallery

See also

References

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 "مشروع صيانة حجرات الصحن الشريف" (in Arabic). www.aljawadain.org. http://www.aljawadain.org/AKHBAR/news.php?action=view&id=23. Retrieved 27 April 2009. 
  2. "مشروع تبريد الحرم الكاظمي المقدس" (in Arabic). www.aljawadain.org. http://www.aljawadain.org/AKHBAR/news.php?action=view&id=27. Retrieved 27 April 2009. 
  3. "افتتاح مشروع تحلية المياه في العتبة الكاظمية المقدسة" (in Arabic). www.aljawadain.org. http://www.aljawadain.org/AKHBAR/news.php?action=view&id=50. Retrieved 27 April 2009. 
  4. "باب فاطمة عليها السلام مدخل جديد للنساء" (in Arabic). www.aljawadain.org. http://www.aljawadain.org/AKHBAR/news.php?action=view&id=34. Retrieved 27 April 2009. 
  5. "إنشاء مضيف للزائرينٍ" (in Arabic). www.aljawadain.org. http://www.aljawadain.org/AKHBAR/news.php?action=view&id=35. Retrieved 27 April 2009. 
  6. 6.0 6.1 "مشروع أعمار وصيانة باب القبلة" (in Arabic). www.aljawadain.org. http://www.aljawadain.org/AKHBAR/news.php?action=view&id=25. Retrieved 27 April 2009. 
  7. 7.0 7.1 "افتتاحية قبة الامام الجواد عليه السلام" (in Arabic). www.aljawadain.org. http://www.aljawadain.org/AKHBAR/news.php?action=view&id=5. Retrieved 27 April 2009. 
  8. "البدء بإعمار وتذهيب قبة الإمام الكاظم عليه السلام" (in Arabic). www.aljawadain.org. http://www.aljawadain.org/AKHBAR/news.php?action=view&id=20. Retrieved 27 April 2009. 
  9. "Blasts Kill 125 at Iraq Shiite Shrines". The Washington Post. http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/articles/A22102-2004Mar2.html. Retrieved 27 April 2009. 
  10. "Bombs hit Baghdad neighbourhood near Shiite shrine". thestar.com. http://www.thestar.com/News/article/222526. Retrieved 27 April 2009. 
  11. "Car bombing near Shiite shrine kills 14". USA Today. http://www.usatoday.com/news/world/iraq/2007-06-27-iraq-wednesday_N.htm. Retrieved 27 April 2009. 
  12. "Car Bomb Near Baghdad Shrine Kills 24, as Iraqi Shiites’ Holiest Month Approaches". New York Times. http://www.nytimes.com/2008/12/28/world/middleeast/28iraq.html?hp. Retrieved 27 December 2008. 
  13. 13.0 13.1 13.2 "Iraqi police say 60 dead in double shrine bombing". CTV.ca. http://www.ctv.ca/servlet/ArticleNews/story/CTVNews/20090424/Iraq_bombs_090424/20090424/. Retrieved 26 April 2009. 
  14. "Suicide bomber kills 38 near Iraqi shrine". Los Angeles Times. http://articles.latimes.com/2009/jan/05/world/fg-iraq5. Retrieved 26 April 2009. 
  15. "Pilgrims die in Iraq bomb blast". BBC. 2009-01-04. http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/world/middle_east/7810340.stm. Retrieved 4 January 2009. 
  16. "7 killed, 23 wounded in blast near Iraq holy shrine". CNN.com. http://edition.cnn.com/2009/WORLD/meast/04/08/iraq.main/index.html. Retrieved 26 April 2009. 
  17. "7 Killed in Baghdad Near Shiite Shrine". The Washington Post. http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/article/2009/04/08/AR2009040803944.html. Retrieved 26 April 2009. 
  18. "Suicide blasts kill 66 at Baghdad Shiite shrine". Yahoo! News. http://news.yahoo.com/s/ap/20090424/ap_on_re_mi_ea/ml_iraq. Retrieved 26 April 2009. 

External links

ar:الحضرة الكاظمية

mk:Џамија Ал Кадинија

sv:Al-Kazimiyyah-moskén

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