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Al-Hijra

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Hijra

Hijra means moving or leaving

Meaning

mumin is the one who the people are safe in their wealth and their health. muhajira - one who leaves the sin to obeying Allah.

Historical

Types

Inside

  • Mandatory Hijra - from sin to obeying Allah

leaving what shaytan tells you Prophet Saws talked about in Sahih Bukhari

Outside

Ibn Haja fleeing for the sake of your Deen.

Hijra in the Qu'ran

All of the sahabah sacrifised all or some of their wealth to make hijra Surat al nisan Some of the muslims who stayed behind with the Quraish, came out with the Quraish in the battles agains the Muminim.(Sahih Bukhari) Some of them killed - these ayah revelaed with regarding them. "When angels take the souls of those who die in sin against their souls", the ones who have oppressed themselves" The angels will ask them right then and there , what where you doing where where you. We were weak

When their is an alternative and you don't make hijra because of fear for your wealth or your safety then you are making oppression against yourself.

eg Muslimah don't have to wear hijab anymore You can buy a house with Riba etc Those who didn't make hijra are in the abode of hellfire

The angels responded by saying "Wasn't the earth spacious enough for you to make hijra"

Circumstances - in that time was medina abode of peace, and mecca abode of war.

Circumstances Now oppressed and weak acceptable reason - This does NOT include those who face the risk of their wealth or their health.

You are promised rsk and to manouver away from your oppressers

Ayah ; They left their wealth and life behind , but Allah will give them better than what they left (Hasana).

Why make Hijra?

  • Because it is the order of Allah, Rasullahl said he had five commands
  1. listen and obey
  2. keep the jamaat
  3. Jihad feesablillah
  4. Hijra

Hijra and Jihad are frequently mentioned together emaan, hijra and jihad

The one who lives amongst the mushraqeen is from them.



The Date of the Hijra

Many sources erroneously claim that the hijra, the date on which Muhammad and a small number of his companions secretly left Mecca, and after a journey of some two weeks arrived in Yathrib (later to be known as Madinat al-Nabī [‛The City of the Prophet’], Medina in English), occurred on 1 Muharram, 1 AH. However, the date of the hijra is not mentioned in the Qur’ān or in other early Islamic texts. Later traditions, such as mentioned in the Hadith (collections of sayings and actions of the prophet and his companions), early biographies of Muhammad and Islamic astronomical/chronological tables suggest that the hijra occurred in the last days of the month Safar (probably on the 24th) and that Muhammad and his companions arrived at the outskirts of Yathrib on the 8th day of the month Rabī‘ al-Awwal on a day when the Jews of Yathrib were observing a day of fasting, and after resting for a few days, entered Yathrib on the 12th day of month Rabī‘ al-Awwal.

Converted to the Julian calendar, and taking into account the intercalary months (probably three) which were inserted between the hijra and the last pilgrimage of Muhammad (10 AH), the hijra probably occurred on Thursday, 10 June (622 CE), and Muhammad’s arrival at the outskirts of Yathrib probably occurred on Thursday, 24 June (622 CE). Muhammad’s entry into Yathrib probably occurred on Monday, 28 June (622 CE)[1]

External Links

References

  1. http://www.phys.uu.nl/~vgent/islam/islam_tabcal.htm

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