Akusala-sādhārana-cetasika: Universal, general or primary disadvantageous mental properties associated with all disadvantageous intentions: These are four; 1: Lack of moral shame ahirika, 2: Lack of fear of wrongdoing anottappa, 3: Restlessness uddhacca, 4: Confusion moha. For 1 and 2 see: ahirika-anottappa; for 3 see: nīvarana; for 4 see: mūla see also the Appendix. The corresponding opposite term designating advantageous (beautiful) mental property is sobhana-sādhārana-cetasika see: sobhana.


Maha Thera Nyanatiloka. Manual of Buddhist Terms and Doctrines, Buddhist Publication Society, first edition 1952.

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