The Ainu creation myths are the traditional creation accounts of the Ainu people of Hokkaidō, Japan. Their stories share common characteristics with Japanese creation myths and earth diver creation stories commonly found in Central Asian and Native American cultures.[1] In one version the creator deity sends down a water wagtail to create habitable land in the watery world below. The little bird fluttered over the waters, splashing water aside and then he packed patches of the earth firm by stomping them with his feet and beating them with his tail. In this way islands where the Ainu were later to live were raised to float upon the ocean.[1][2]

The Ainu think of themselves as hairy, therefore many Ainu stories tell that their first ancestor was a bear. However, an alternative version tells of kamuy sending a heavenly couple to earth called Okikurumi and Turesh. This couple had a son, whom some consider the first Ainu, and he is believed to have given the people the necessary skills to survive.[1]


  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 Leeming & Leeming 2009 - "Ainu Creation"
  2. Sproul 1979, p. 215


  • Leeming, David Adams; Leeming, Margaret Adams (2009). A Dictionary of Creation Myths (Oxford Reference Online ed.). Oxford University Press. 
  • Sproul, Barbara C. (1979). Primal Myths. HarperOne HarperCollinsPublishers. ISBN 978-0-06-067501-1. 
This page uses content from the English Wikipedia. The original article was at Ainu creation myth. The list of authors can be seen in the page history.

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