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The Important Point The wives of the prophet once they CHOOSE the prophet and the life after this was final by the Quran they can not be divorced and hence they are the prophets wives even after his death. No one can marry them after the prophet this is why they are called the mothers of the believers in the Quran to finalize any doubts in that regards (who ever has doubt about them being the prophet's wives and the mothers of the believers MUST check his faith if he has any)
The Quran includes and specifies the Wives of the prophets as Ahl alBayt in the case of Ibrahim and Lot, etc
the verses of the Ahl Bayt revealed in the Quran between the Ayats discussing the wives of the Prophet They are automatically included, the prophet wanted to remove any doubt that also the verses include Ali, Fatimah, Hassan and Hussain in case anybody has a doubt in the future.
Muhammad's household is venerated by Muslims, who attach to them a special status. This is derived from verses in the Qur'an and hadith which stipulate love towards Muhammad's relatives, though in some cases interpretations differ. An example of such is: "Say: "No reward do I ask of you for this except the love of those near of kin." [Qur'an 42:23] According to classical exegete al-Tabari, the verse most likely refers to Muslim believers related by blood ties. Another interpretation adopted by Shia applies the verse to ahl al-bayt; while another view interprets the verse as commanding love for relatives in general. The latter view is favored by academic scholar Madelung.
Islamic law prohibits the administration of sadaqa (charity) or zakat (tax) to Muhammad's kin (including the Banu Hashim), as Muhammad forbade this income for himself and his family. The explanation given by jurists is that these alms are considered the defilements of the people, who offer them to purify themselves from sin, hence it would be unbecoming of the kin to handle or use them. Instead, they are accorded part of the spoils of war. Muslims in their daily prayers invoke blessings upon them by saying: "O God, bless Muhammad and his family." In many Muslim communities, high social status is attributed to people claiming to be blood-descendants of Muhammad's household, and are labelled sayyids or sharifs. 
Most Sufi circles (tariqas) trace their spiritual chain back to Muhammad through Ali. In Shi'a thought Muhammad's household is central to the religion. In one version of Muhammad's farewell sermon, he is represented as saying that God has given believers two safeguards: the Qur'an and his family; in other versions the two safeguards are the Qur'an and his Sunnah (statements and actions of Muhammad). Popular Shia belief ascribes cosmological importance to the family in various texts, wherein it is said that God would not have created heaven and earth, paradise, Adam and Eve, or anything else were it not for them. In Shia thought, therefore, the family has the same salvational function as Noah's Ark. The majority of Shia regard the heads of the family as divinely chosen Imams who are infallible and sinless.
Ahl al-Bayt in the Qur’an
Apart from Qur’anic quote 33:32-33, the Arabic phrase Ahl al-Bayt is also mentioned several other times in the Qur’an. These other verses clearly mention that the wife is also categorized under the phrase Ahl al-Bayt. Some of these Qur’anic quotes include:
- Chapter 11, Verses 71-73 (Hud (sura)):
(71) And his (Abraham’s) wife was standing (there), and she laughed (either, because the Messengers did not eat their food or for being glad for the destruction of the people of Lot). But We gave her glad tidings of Isaac, and after him, of Jacob. (72) She said (in astonishment): "Woe unto me! Shall I bear a child while I am an old woman, and here is my husband, an old man? Verily! This is a strange thing!" (73) They said: "Do you wonder at the Decree of Allah? The Mercy of Allah and His Blessings be on you, O the family [of Abraham] [ahla albayti (أَهْلَ ٱلْبَيْتِ)]. Surely, He (Allah) is All-Praiseworthy, All-Glorious."
- Chapter 7, Verse 83 (Al-A'raf):
(83) Then We saved him (Lot) and his family [ahlahu (أَهْلَهُ)], except his wife; she was of those who remained behind (in the torment).
- Chapter 15, Verses 58-60 (Al-Hijr):
(58) They (the angels) said: "We have been sent to a people who are Mujrimun (criminals, disbelievers, polytheists, sinners). (59) "(All) except the family of Lot [ala lootin (ءَالَ لُوطٍ)]. Them all we are surely going to save (from destruction). (60) “Except his wife, of whom We have decreed that she shall be of those who remain behind (i.e. she will be destroyed).”
- Chapter 26, Verses 170-171 (Ash-Shu'ara):
(170) So We saved him (Lot) and his family [ahlahu (أَهْلَهُ)], all, (171) Except an old woman (his wife) among those who remained behind.
- Chapter 27, Verse 57 (Al-Naml):
(57) So We saved him (Lot) and his family [ahlahu (أَهْلَهُ)], except his wife. We destined her to be of those who remained behind.
- Chapter 29, Verses 32-33 (Al-Ankabut):
(32) Abraham said: "But there is Lot in it." They said:"We know better who is there, we will verily save him [Lot] and his family [ahlahu (أَهْلَهُ)], except his wife, she will be of those who remain behind (i.e. she will be destroyed along with those who will be destroyed from her folk)." (33) And when Our Messengers came to Lot, he was grieved because of them, and felt straitened on their account. They said: "Have no fear, and do not grieve! Truly, we shall save you and your family [ahlaka (أَهْلَكَ)], except your wife, she will be of those who remain behind (i.e. she will be destroyed along with those who will be destroyed from her folk).
- Chapter 37, Verses 133-135 (As-Saaffat):
(133) And verily, Lot was one of the Messengers. (134) When We saved him and his family [ahlahu (أَهْلَهُ)], all, (135) Except an old woman (his wife) who was among those who remained behind.
- Chapter 12, Verse 25 (Yusuf (sura)):
(25) So they raced with one another to the door, and she tore his (Joseph’s) shirt from the back. They both found her lord (i.e. her husband) at the door. She said: "What is the recompense (punishment) for him who intended an evil design against your wife [biahlika (بِأَهْلِكَ)], except that he be put in prison or a painful torment?"
- Chapter 20, Verses 9-10 (Ta-Ha):
(9) And has there come to you the story of Moses? (10) When he saw a fire, he said to his family [liahlihi (لِأَهْلِهِ)]: "Wait! Verily, I have seen a fire, perhaps I can bring you some burning brand therefrom, or find some guidance at the fire."
- Chapter 28, Verse 29 (Al-Qasas):
(29) Then, when Moses had fulfilled the term, and was travelling with his family [biahlihi (بِأَهْلِهِ)], he saw a fire in the direction of Tur (Mount). He said to his family: "Wait, I have seen a fire; perhaps I may bring to you from there some information, or a burning fire-brand that you may warm yourselves."
List of Ahl al-Bayt according to Shia Islam
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According to the Twelver and Ismaili Shi'a, the Ahl al-Bayt are in a state of ismah, meaning infallibility, and they have limitless understanding of the Qu'ran and Hadith. The Ahl al-Kisa together with the Imams make up the Shi'a definition of Ahl al-Bayt. Ahl al-Bayt are seen as divinely appointed individuals and teachers of the Islamic faith after Muhammad. The Twelver and Ismaili branches of Shi'a Islam differ in regards to the line of Imamate. While the Twelver believe in a lineage known as the Twelve Imams, the Ismaili believe that the descendants of Isma'il ibn Jafar were the inheritors of the Imamate instead.
- Bani Shaiba
- Muhammad's wives
- Succession to Muhammad
- The Fourteen Infallibles
- Ba'Alawi Sadah of Hadhramaut
- Ahl al-Bayt by Hamid Algar in Encyclopedia Iranica
- Ahl al-Bayt by I. K. A. Howard in Encyclopedia Iranica
- ↑ 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.5 1.6 Ahl al-Bayt, Encyclopedia of Islam
- ↑ Madelung, 1997, pp. 13-17
- ↑ Mufradat al-Qur'an by Raghib Isfahani; Qamus by Firoozabadi; Majm'a al-Bahrayn
- ↑ See:
- "Ahl al-Bayt", Encyclopedia of Islam
- Madelung (1997) p. 15
- ↑ Madelung (1997) pp. 14-15
- ↑ Madelung (1997) p. 13
- ↑ Madelung (1997) p. 14
- ↑ A verse in the Qur'an reads: "That which Allah giveth as spoil unto His messenger from the people of the townships, it is for Allah and His messenger and for the near of kin and the orphans and the needy and the wayfarer, that it become not a commodity between the rich among you." ([Qur'an 59:7])
- ↑ Ahl al-Bayt, Encyclopedia of Islam and the Muslim world.
- Madelung, Wilferd (1997). The Succession to Muhammad: A Study of the Early Caliphate. Cambridge University Press. ISBN 0521646960.
- Ordoni, Abu Muhammad; Muhammad Kazim Qazwini (1992). Fatima the Gracious. Ansariyan Publications. ISBN B000BWQ7N6.
- Tahir-ul-Qadri, Muhammad (2006). Virtues of Sayyedah Fatimah. Minhaj-ul-Quran Publications. ISBN 9693202252.
- Tritton, A.S; Goldziher, I.; Arendonk, C. van.. "Ahl al-Bayt". in P.J. Bearman, Th. Bianquis, C.E. Bosworth, E. van Donzel and W.P. Heinrichs. Encyclopaedia of Islam Online. Brill Academic Publishers. ISSN 1573-3912.
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