Ahirika-anottappa: 'lack of moral shame and fear of wongdoing', are two of the 4 disadvantageous factors associated with all kammically disadvantageous states of consciousness, the two others being restlessness uddhacca and confusion moha.


Maha Thera Nyanatiloka. Manual of Buddhist Terms and Doctrines, Buddhist Publication Society, first edition 1952.

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