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Adrianus Johannes Simonis
|Cardinal Archbishop of Utrecht|
|Enthroned||3 December 1983|
|Reign ended||14 April 2007|
|Ordination||15 June 1957|
|Consecration||20 March 1971|
|Created Cardinal||25 May 1985|
|Other||Bishop of Rotterdam|
|Birth name||Adrianus Johannes Simonis|
26 November 1931|
Simonis was born in Lisse, South Holland, the eldest of eleven children. He studied at the Seminary of Hageveld from 1945 to 1951, and at the Major Seminary of Warmond from 1951 to 1957. He was ordained to the priesthood by Bishop Martien Jansen on June 15, 1957, and then did pastoral work in the Diocese of Rotterdam until 1959, serving as curate at the parish of Saint Victor in Waddinxveen and later at the parish Holy Martyrs Gorinchem in Rotterdam.
From 1959 to 1966, he furthered his studies in Rome at the Pontifical University of St. Thomas and the Pontifical Biblical Institute, from where he obtained a doctorate cum laude in Sacred Scripture with a thesis entitled: "Jesus as the Good Shepherd in the Gospel of Saint John". Following his return to the Netherlands, he served as pastor of the parish of Blessed Sacrament in The Hague (1966-1970) and chaplain in the Red Cross Hospital. He became a canon of the cathedral chapter of Rotterdam in March 1969.
|Styles of |
|Reference style||His Eminence|
|Spoken style||Your Eminence|
He was elevated to the College of Cardinals during the Consistory of May 25, 1985, with the Titulus S. Clementi, making him the seventh cardinal of the Dutch Church. He is a member of the Congregation for Institutes of Consecrated Life and Societies of Apostolic Life, and of the Congregation for Catholic Education.
Simonis sent his letter of resignation as Utrecht's archbishop to Pope Benedict on November 13, 2006, and the Pope accepted it on April 14, 2007, two months before Simonis celebrated his golden jubilee as a priest on 15 June. He continued to govern the archdiocese as Apostolic Administrator until his successor, Wim Eijk, who was appointed on 11 December of the same year, took possession of the see.
- Catholic-pages bio of Cardinal Simonis
|Catholic Church titles|
Martien Antoon Jansen
|Bishop of Rotterdam|
29 December 1970 – 27 June 1983
| Succeeded by|
Ronald Philippe Bär
|Archbishop of Utrecht|
3 December 1983 – 14 April 2007
| Succeeded by|
|Cardinal Priest of San Clemente|
25 May 1985 – present