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Achziv - "falsehood".
(2.) A Phoenician city (the Gr. Ecdippa), always retained in their possession though assigned to the tribe of Asher (Josh. 19:29; Judg. 1:31) "And the fifth lot came out for the tribe of the children of Asher ... and the outgoings thereof are at the sea from the coast to Achzibh". It is identified with the modern es-Zib, on the Mediterranean, about 8 miles north of Acco.
The remnants of Achzibh, now known as Tel Achziv is located on a sandstone mound between two creeks, Kziv creek on the north and Shaal Creek on the south, and close to the border with Lebanon.
An ancient port was located on the coast, and another secondary port is located 700 m to the south, at a site called Khirbet ("ruin of-", in Ar.) "port of Achziv".
Archeological excavations have revealed that a walled city existed at the location from the Middle Bronze period. History of Achziv goes back to the Chalcolithic period (45-32C BC).
During Sancheriv invasions, the Assyrians conquered the city.
During the reign of the Seleucids, the border was established at Rosh HaNikra, just north to Achziv, making it a border city, and under the control of Acco.
During the Crusader period, a fortress called "Casal Humberti", named after a knight commander of the fort, was built.
The village of Az-Zeeb was located here during the Mamluk and Ottoman periods, the houses erected using the stones of the Crusader castle. The villagers were expelled to Lebanon during the 1948 Arab–Israeli War.
During the fight, in 1946, the United Resistance blew up the railroad bridge over the creek at Achziv. In memory of the 14 soldiers who died during operation Markolet (Night of the bridges), a monument was erected.
In addition, Kibbutz Gesher-Haziw ("the bright bridge") is named after the fallen fighters, and Kibbutz Yehiam is named after the commander, Yehiam Weitz, who died in the action.
Today, Achziv is a national park.
- Achziv Achziv, by the Institute of Archaeology of the Hebrew University of Jerusalem, excavated under the direction of Dr. Eilat Mazar.
- Achziv archeological exhibit at the Hecht Museum Artifacts from the Cemetery at Achziv