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Abu Musab al-Zarqawi (b. 1966, died June 7, 2006) is the Jordanian born Islamic insurgent head of al-Tawhid wal-Jihad which later became Al-Qaeda in Iraq. A notorious figure associated with Osama bin Laden, he was known for high-profile bombings such as that of the UN office in Bagdad and Shiite Mosques and for bloody assassinations, beheadings of foreign hostages, and mayhem that was intended to drive Iraq into civil war.
Zarqawi rose to prominence as an "Afghan Arab" - leading foreign fighters in the "jihad" against Soviet forces in Afghanistan in the 1980s.  But after the defeat of the Soviets, Zarqawi went back to Jordan with a radical Islamic agenda. He spent seven years in prison in Jordan for conspiring to overthrow the monarchy and establish an Islamic caliphate. He fled Jordan after release.
In February 2003, US Secretary of State Colin Powell told the United Nations that Zarqawi, now branded a known terrorist, had sought refuge in Iraq to support the claim that Saddam Hussein was courting al-Qaeda. By 2004, Zarqawi had already claimed 25 attacks against US and Iraq forces. His attacks eventually occurred daily until he was killed by a precision U.S. airstike in 2006.