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Abbey of Fontenay

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Cistercian Abbey of Fontenay*
UNESCO World Heritage Site
Type Cultural
Criteria iv
Reference 165
Region** Europe and North America
Inscription history
Inscription 1981  (5th Session)
* Name as inscribed on World Heritage List.
** Region as classified by UNESCO.

The Abbey of Fontenay is a former Cistercian abbey located in the commune of Marmagne, near Montbard, in the département of Côte-d'Or in France.

It was founded by Saint Bernard of Clairvaux in 1118, only a few years after he left Cîteaux Abbey to found Clairvaux Abbey. Located in a small forested valley 60 kilometres northwest of Dijon, it achieved great prosperity in the twelfth and thirteenth centuries. Fontenay enjoyed the protection of the Kings of France but was plundered in the Hundred Year's War and the Wars of Religion. Later, its fortunes declined, and the refectory was demolished by the monks in 1745. The abbey was closed in the French Revolution, and became a paper mill until 1902, owned for most of its period of operation by the Montgolfier family.

Dehio 191 Fontenay

Plan of the church.

The abbey was bought by Édouard Aynard in 1905 and restored. Apart from the demolished refectory, it retains almost all of its original buildings: church, dormitory, cloister, chapter house, caldarium or "heating room", dovecote and forge, all built in Romanesque style, with later abbot's lodgings and infirmary. Today the abbey buildings are set in modern manicured parterres of lawn and gravel. It is one of the oldest and most complete Cistercian abbeys in Europe, and became a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1981.

Cloister, Fontenay Abbey, Marmagne, France

Cloister

The church of the abbey was built from 1139 to 1147, and was dedicated by Pope Eugene III in 1147. It has a cruciform plan, with a nave 66 metres long and 8 metres wide, with two aisles, and a transept measuring 19 metres. The cloister measures 36×38 metres. The chapterhouse is vaulted, with heavy ribs. The large dormitory is roofed with fifteenth-century chestnut timbers.

Fontenay Abbey, Marmagne

Church and dovecote

Southern side of dormitory and common room, Fontenay Abbey, Marmagne

Southern side of dormitory and common room

Cloister, Fontenay Abbey (4); Marmagne, 10-30-06

Cloister

Forge, Fontenay Abbey, Marmagne

Forge

References

External links

Template:World Heritage Sites in France

Coordinates: 47°38′27″N 4°23′23″E / 47.64083°N 4.38972°E / 47.64083; 4.38972


ca:Abadia de Fontenay cs:Klášter Fontenayhr:Opatija Fontenayla:Fontanetum (abbatia) hu:Fontenayi cisztercita apátságja:フォントネーのシトー会修道院pt:Abadia de Fontenay ru:Фонтене (аббатство) sk:Kláštor Fontenay fi:Fontenayn apottiluostari sv:Fontenay th:แอบบีฟงเตอเน vi:Tu viện Fontenay zh:丰特莱修道院

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