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Abas (mythology)

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In Greek mythology, the name Abas (Ancient Greek: Ἄβας; gen.: Ἄβαντος) is attributed to several individuals:

  • Abas, the son of Poseidon and Arethusa.[1] A Thracian by birth, Abas founded a tribe known as the Abantians or Abantes. Abas and his Abantian followers migrated to the island of Euboea, where he subsequently reigned as king. He was father of Canethus[2] and Chalcodon, and through the latter grandfather of Elephenor, who is known to have accidentally killed him.[3] Also given as Abas' children are Alcon, Arethusa and Dias, of whom the latter was said to have founded a city Athenae on Euboea.[4]
  • Abas, an Argive seer, son of Melampus and Iphianeira. He was the father of Coeranus, Idmon, and Lysimache.[5][6][7]
  • Abas, one of Diomedes' companions, whom Aphrodite turned into a swan.[9]
  • Abas, a son of Metaneira who was changed by Demeter into a lizard, because he mocked the goddess when she had come on her wanderings into the house of her mother, and drank eagerly to quench her thirst.[10] Other traditions relate the same story of a boy, Ascalabus, and call his mother Misme.[11]
  • Abas, a defender of Thebes against the Seven. He and his sons Cydon and Argus were killed in the battle.[12]
  • Abas, the son of the Trojan Eurydamas; he fought in the Trojan War and was killed by Diomedes.[14]

In the Aeneid, the name Abas belongs to two companions of Aeneas:

  • Abas, a captain whose ship was routed in the storm off Carthage.
  • Abas, an Etruscan ally from Populonia in the war against the Rutulians and the Latians.

References

  1. Hyginus, Fabulae, 157
  2. Apollonius Rhodius, Argonautica, 1. 79
  3. Tzetzes on Lycophron, 1034
  4. Stephanus of Byzantium s. v. Athēnai
  5. Bibliotheca 1. 9. 13
  6. Hyginus, Fabulae, 14
  7. Pausanias, Description of Greece, 1. 43. 5
  8. Ovid, Metamorphoses, 5. 126
  9. Ovid, Metamorphoses, 14. 505
  10. Ovid, Metamorphoses, 5. 450
  11. Antoninus Liberalis, Metamorphoses, 23
  12. Statius, Thebaid, 7. 646; 9. 758
  13. Ovid, Metamorphoses, 12. 306
  14. Homer, Iliad, 5. 148
  15. Quintus Smyrnaeus, Fall of Troy, 11. 81

Sources

This article incorporates text from the public domain Dictionary of Greek and Roman Biography and Mythology by William Smith (1870).

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This page uses content from the English Wikipedia. The original article was at Abas (mythology). The list of authors can be seen in the page history.

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