Millennia: 9th millennium BC · 8th millennium BC · 7th millennium BC
Centuries: 80th century BC · 79th century BC · 78th century BC · 77th century BC · 76th century BC · 75th century BC · 74th century BC · 73rd century BC · 72nd century BC · 71st century BC

In the 8th millennium BC, agriculture becomes widely practiced in the Fertile Crescent and Anatolia.

Pottery becomes widespread (with independent development in Central America) and animal husbandry (pastoralism) spreads to Africa and Eurasia. World population is approximately 5 million.



The south area of Çatalhöyük. An archaeological dig is in progress.

Template:Stone Age

Environmental changes


Inventions, discoveries, introductions

  • Rise of agriculture.
  • Bladed tools found in southwest Iran date from around 8000 BC. They were made from Obsidian that had been transported from Anatolia.[2]
  • Potatoes and beans are cultivated in South America
  • Beginning of millet[3] and rice cultivation in East Asia
  • Domestication of the cat and Bos aegyptiacus ox in Ancient Egypt
  • Domestication of sheep in Southwest Asia
  • Huts, hearths, granaries, and nonportable stone tools for grinding grains Africa
  • Catal Huyuk, men wear animals skins, plus hats of the same material Asia
  • Houses, kilns, pottery, turquoise carvings, tools made from stone and bone, and bone flutes China
  • Clay and plaster are molded to form statues at Jericho and cAin Ghazal Mediterranean
  • First evidence of incised "counting tokens" about 9,000 years ago in the Neolithic fertile crescent. Asia
  • Japanese potters begin to decorate pottery cooking vessels Japan
  • Simple pottery traditions sometimes with cord impressions or other decorative markings Korea
  • Agriculture in New Guinea Australia
  • Evidence of wheat, barley, sheep, goats, and pigs suggests that a food-producing economy is adopted in Aegean Greece
  • Franchthi Cave in the Argolid, Greece, attests to the earliest deliberate burials in Greece
  • North Sea: North Sea bottoms are largely dry land before this period. England
  • Pottery making, burial mound construction, and garden technology Mexico
  • In the valley of Mexico, chili peppers and "grain" (amaranth & maize) are grown.
  • World—Between 12,000 BC and 5,000 BC it appears that massive inland flooding was taking place in several regions of the world, making for subsequent sea level rises, which could be relatively abrupt for many worldwide

Cultural landmarks

Science fiction


  1. an average of figures from different sources as listed at the US Census Bureau's Historical Estimates of World Population
  2. Roberts, J: "History of the World.". Penguin, 1994.
  3. Lu H, Zhang J, Liu KB, Wu N, Li Y, Zhou K, Ye M, Zhang T, Zhang H, Yang X, Shen L, Xu D, Li Q. (2009). Earliest domestication of common millet (Panicum miliaceum) in East Asia extended to 10,000 years ago. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 106: 7367–7372 PubMed
bar:8. Joatausend v. Chr.

bg:8 хилядолетие пр.н.е. ca:Mil·lenni VIII aC cs:8. tisíciletí př. n. l. da:8. årtusinde a. 8. milurtekoako:기원전 7000년기 io:7001-8000 aKka:ძვ. წ. VIII ათასწლეული la:Millennium 8 a.C.n. lt:8 tūkstantmetis pr. m. e. hu:I. e. 8. évezred mr:इ.स.पू.चे ८ वे सहस्रक ms:Milenium ke-8 SMja:紀元前8千年紀pt:Oitavo milénio a.C. ru:VIII тысячелетие до н. э. sah:8 б. э. инн. тыһыынча сыл sl:8. tisočletje pr. n. št. sr:8. миленијум п. н. е. sh:8. milenijum pne. fi:7000-vuosituhat eaa. sv:7000-talet f.Kr. (millennium) ta:கிமு 8வது ஆயிரவாண்டு ur:7000مقم zh:前8千年

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