70th century BC · 69th century BC · 68th century BC · 67th century BC · 66th century BC · 65th century BC · 64th century BC · 63rd century BC · 62nd century BC · 61st century BC
During the 7th Millennium BC, agriculture spreads from Anatolia to the Balkans.
World population is essentially stable at around 5 million people, living mostly scattered across the globe in small hunting-gathering tribes. In the agricultural communities of the Middle East, the cow is domesticated and use of pottery grows common, spreading to Europe and South Asia, and the first metal (gold and copper) ornaments are made.
c. 7000 BC—First neolithic settlements with ceramics, in St. Croix, Caribbean Sea.
c. 7000 BC—Beginning of the Peiligang culture in China.
c. 7000 BC—Agriculture and neolithic settlement at Mehrgarh, in current-day Baluchistan, Pakistan.
c. 7000 BC—Agriculture among the Papuan peoples of New Guinea
Beekeeping is first recorded. Rock paintings on cave walls in Africa and eastern Spain show people gathering honey from trees or rock crevices while bees fly around them—cave drawings in Spain, near Valencia.
Pastoralism and cultivation of cereals (East Sahara).
Peru, Guitarrero Cave, plant fibers are twisted, knotted, and looped into baskets, mats (South America).
Eastern Mediterranean—Forms of pottery become decoration.
Animal figures of Estuarine-period rock painting in Australia include saltwater fish and crocodiles.
c. 7000 BC—Wild horse populations drop in Europe proper; horse disappears from the island of Great Britain, but was never found in Ireland. (Horse & Man, Clutton-Brock) Extinction probably caused by climatic shift, leading to excessively rich spring feed and mass lameness from founder, making them easy prey (Bolich & Ingraham)
c. 7000 BC—Neolithic Subpluvial begins in northern Africa
6440 BC ± 25 years—Kurile volcano on Russia's Kamchatka Peninsula has VEI 7 eruption. It is one of the largest of the Holocene epoch
6250 BC – Eruptions occur in the Indian Heaven Volcanic field located in central Washington State.
c. 6100 BC—The Storegga Slide, causing a megatsunami in the Norwegian Sea
c. 6000 BC—Rising sea levels form the Torres Strait, separating Australia from New Guinea
c. 6000 BC—Between 12,000 BC and 5,000 BC it appears that massive inland flooding was taking place in several regions of the world, making for subsequent sea level rises which could be relatively abrupt for many worldwide.