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5 substitutes for the 5 hindrances

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Five substitutes for the five hindrances:

1. Sense desire & lust (kama-chanda) should be substituted with attention on disgusting aspects.

2. Anger and ill-will (vyapada) should be substituted with infinite and universal friendliness.

3. Lethargy and laziness (thina-middha) should be substituted with enthusiastic energy.

4. Restlessness and regret (uddhacca-kukkucca) should be substituted with calm tranquillity.

5. Skeptical doubt and uncertainty (vici-kiccha) should be substituted with curious examination.


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