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5 lower mental chains

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The five lower mental chains (the first 5 of the 10 hindrances to enlightenment):

1. The belief in a permanent personality / ego

2. Doubt / extreme skepticism

3. Clinging to rites, rituals, and ceremonies

4. Attachment to sense desires

5. Ill-will / anger

(from Samyutta Nikaya 45)


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