The years 1501-1600 AD. Major events of the 16th century AD include:
- 1508–1512: Michelangelo paints the ceiling of the Sistine Chapel.
- 1512-1517. Fifth Lateran Council attempts reform of the Catholic Church.
- 1517: Martin Luther posts the 95 theses, marking the beginning of the Protestant Reformation, which continues into the next century.
- c. 1520–1660: English Renaissance.
- 1521: Pope Leo X excommunicates Martin Luther, who burns the papal bull. King Henry VIII of England writes the Defence of the Seven Sacraments in response to Martin Luther. Pope Leo X awards King Henry the title of "Defender of the Faith."
- 1527: Sack of Rome ends the Italian Renaissance.
- 1531–32: The Church of England breaks away from the Roman Catholic Church and recognizes King Henry VIII as the head of the Church.
- 1534: Society of Jesus founded.
- April 16, 1541. Martin Luther appears before the Diet of Worms.
- 1543: Nicolaus Copernicus publishes De revolutionibus orbium coelestium (On the Revolutions of the Heavenly Spheres), which argues that the Earth revolves around the sun (heliocentrism) and opens the Scientific Revolution.
- 1545–1563: Council of Trent marks the beginning of the Catholic Counterreformation.
- 1562–98: French Wars of Religion between Catholics and (Calvinist) Huguenots.
- 1580: Publication of the Book of Concord, a compilation of early Lutheran confessional documents.
|Biblical Timeline (By Centuries)|
|Before Christ (B.C.)|
| The Beginning |
40th BC | 39th BC | 38th BC | 37th BC | 36th BC | 35th BC | 34th BC | 33rd BC
32nd BC | 31st BC | 30th BC | 29th BC | 28th BC| 27th BC | 26th BC | 25th BC
24th BC| 23rd BC | 22nd BC| 21st BC | 20th BC | 19th BC | 18th BC | 17th BC
16th BC | 15th BC | 14th BC| 13th BC| 12th BC| 11th BC | 10th BC | 9th BC
8th BC| 7th BC| 6th BC| 5th BC| 4th BC| 3rd BC| 2nd BC| 1st BC
|Anno Domini (A.D.)|
| 1st | 2nd | 3rd | 4th | 5th | 6th | 7th | 8th | 9th | 10th | 11th | 12th | 13th | 14th | 15th |
16th | 17th | 18th | 19th | 20th | 21st | End times