- Italian Renaissance
- 1378–1415: Western Schism leads to thee simultaneous popes.
- 1409: Council of Pisa; not officially recognized because it was not called by a pope.
- 1414-1418: Council of Constance, resolves the Western Schism.
- 1415: Prince Henry the Navigator of Portugal launches the Age of Discovery. Portuguese missionaries sail around the coast of Africa and reach as far as the Malabar Coast of India.
- 1420-1434: Bohemian or Hussite wars against followers of John Hus.
- 1423-1424: Council of Siena is the high point of conciliarism, emphasizing the leadership of the bishops gathered in council.
- 1429: Joan of Arc ends the Siege of Orléans and turns the tide of the Hundred Years' War.
- 1431-1445. Council of Basel calls for Catholic reconciliation with the Orthodox Church, which, however, was not accepted in following years by the Christian East. In this council, other unions were achieved with various Eastern Churches as well.
- The Assyrian Church of the East decrees that the title of Patriarch could pass only to relatives of then-patriarch Mar Shimun IV. This decree leads to a schism in the next century.
- 1453: The Fall of Constantinople marks the end of the Byzantine Empire.
- 1481: Spanish Inquisition begins.
- 1483: Birth of Martin Luther (November 10).
- 1492: The last Moorish (Islamic) kingdom in Iberia, Grenada, is defeated by Spain. Alhambra decree expells all Jews from Spain unless they convert to Roman Catholicism. Christoper Columbus discovers the Americas while seeking a Western passage to India, in competition with the Eastern route dominated by Portugal.
- 1493: Pope Alexander VI divides the nonchristisan world between Spain and Portugal in the bull Inter caetera. The line of demaraction is 300 miles west of the Cape Verde Islands.
- 1494: Treaty of Tordesillas between Spain and Portugal moves the line of demarcation 810 miles west, placing part of South America (now the country of Brazil) under Portugese dominion. The treaty is sanctioned by Pope Julius II in a new bull of 1506.
|Biblical Timeline (By Centuries)|
|Before Christ (B.C.)|
| The Beginning |
40th BC | 39th BC | 38th BC | 37th BC | 36th BC | 35th BC | 34th BC | 33rd BC
32nd BC | 31st BC | 30th BC | 29th BC | 28th BC| 27th BC | 26th BC | 25th BC
24th BC| 23rd BC | 22nd BC| 21st BC | 20th BC | 19th BC | 18th BC | 17th BC
16th BC | 15th BC | 14th BC| 13th BC| 12th BC| 11th BC | 10th BC | 9th BC
8th BC| 7th BC| 6th BC| 5th BC| 4th BC| 3rd BC| 2nd BC| 1st BC
|Anno Domini (A.D.)|
| 1st | 2nd | 3rd | 4th | 5th | 6th | 7th | 8th | 9th | 10th | 11th | 12th | 13th | 14th | 15th |
16th | 17th | 18th | 19th | 20th | 21st | End times